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Quantum Computing, #AI and Solving the Impossible | @ThingsExpo #DX #SmartCities

Maybe our only hope to solve these uber-complex, life-impacting analytic problems lies in a new approach

Quantum Computing, Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Solving the Impossible

In the blog “From Autonomous to Smart:  Importance of Artificial Intelligence,” we discussed the two critical artificial intelligence (AI) challenges in creating “smart” edge devices:

  • Artificial Intelligence Challenge #1: How do the Artificial Intelligence algorithms handle the unexpected, such as flash flooding, terrorist attacks, earthquakes, tornadoes, police car chases, emergency vehicles, blown tires, a child chasing a ball into the street, etc.?
  • Artificial Intelligence Challenge #2: The more complex the problem state, the more data storage (to retain known state history) and CPU processing power (to find the optimal or best solution) is required in the edge devices in order to create “smart”.

In the blog “Reinforcement Learning to the Rescue,” we talked about how Moore’s Law isn’t going to bail us out of because the problem space is getting more complex, even for relatively easy environments like playing checkers and chess:

  • Checkers has 500 billion billion (that’s right, billion twice) possible board moves. That’s 500,000,000,000,000,000,000 possible moves (that’s 20 zeros).
  • The number of moves in a game of chess is a minimum of 10120 moves (that’s 120 zeros).

By the way, the commonly accepted answer for the number of particles in the observable universe is 1080.

“Abandon all hope, ye who enter here.”

Maybe our only hope to solve these uber-complex, life-impacting analytic problems like autonomous vehicles, smart cities and precision medicine lies in a new approach – quantum computing.

What Is Quantum Computing?
Quantum computing differs from traditional binary computing in that takes advantage of the strange ability of subatomic particles to exist in more than one state at any time (it’s like your children, where you can both love and hate them at the same time). In classical digital computing, a bit is a single piece of information that can exist in two states – 1 or 0. Quantum computing uses quantum bits, or ‘qubits’ instead. A qubit can be thought of like an imaginary sphere, where a qubit can be any point on the sphere[1].

The secret to Quantum computing’s “weird” behavior lies in the quantum-mechanical phenomena of superposition and entanglement.

  • Quantum superposition states that any two (or more) quantum states can be added together (“superposed”) and the result will be another valid quantum state (i.e., two waves colliding in physics can create a bigger wave, can cancel each other out, or create something in the middle). Common digital computing requires that the data be encoded into binary digits (bits), each of which is always in one of two definite states (0 or 1). However, quantum computers can represent 0, 1, or a “superposition” of both 0 and 1 at the same time.
  • Quantum entanglement is a physical phenomenon that occurs when pairs or groups of particles are generated or interact in ways such that the quantum state of each particle cannot be described independently of the others, even when the particles are separated by a large distance—instead, a quantum state must be described for the system as a whole.

Superposition and entanglement are the break-through of quantum computing. As a result, three qubits can represent eight values simultaneously which means qubits can perform operations magnitudes faster and with less energy than a digital computer.

Quantum Computing and Analytics
One important area where quantum computing is expected to have a dramatic impact is in improving the ability for reinforcement learning to process an exponentially-wider range of operating variables in real-time, which is vital in automated cars and smart entities like factories and hospitals. As an example, Google has built a quantum computer which is 100 million times faster than any of today’s machines.This quantum computer could complete calculations within seconds to a problem that might take a digital computer 10,000 years to calculate.

This new age of “Quantum Artificial Intelligence” is particularly important for the machine learning problems that today are too hard or too complex for digital computers to solve, such as:

  • Safer airplanes: Lockheed Martin plans to test airplane designs that are currently too complex for classical computers.
  • Detect cancer earlier: Computational models will help determine how diseases develop.
  • Help automobiles drive themselves: Google is using a quantum computer to design software that can distinguish cars from landmarks.
  • Reduce weather-related deaths: Precision forecasting will give people more time to take cover.
  • Cut back on travel time: Sophisticated analysis of traffic patterns in the air and on the ground will forestall bottlenecks and snarls.
  • Develop more effective, personalized drugs: By mapping amino acids, for example, or analyzing DNA-sequencing data, doctors will discover and design superior drug-based treatments.

I didn’t see space travel or time travel on that list, but hopefully that’s just a bit later on the solution roadmap.

Maybe hope is just around the corner…or maybe that’s an autonomous vehicle plowing around that corner right at my self-driving dreams.

Additional Sources:

1. “Inside the weird world of quantum computers” http://www.wired.co.uk/article/quantum-computing-explained

The post Quantum Computing, Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Solving the Impossible appeared first on InFocus Blog | Dell EMC Services.

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The Internet of Things (IoT) is the most profound change in personal and enterprise IT since the creation of the Worldwide Web more than 20 years ago.

All major researchers estimate there will be tens of billions devices - computers, smartphones, tablets, and sensors - connected to the Internet by 2020. This number will continue to grow at a rapid pace for the next several decades.

With major technology companies and startups seriously embracing IoT strategies, now is the perfect time to attend @ThingsExpo in Silicon Valley. Learn what is going on, contribute to the discussions, and ensure that your enterprise is as "IoT-Ready" as it can be!

With major technology companies and startups seriously embracing Cloud strategies, now is the perfect time to attend 21st Cloud Expo, October 31 - November 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center, CA, and June 12-14, 2018, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY, and learn what is going on, contribute to the discussions, and ensure that your enterprise is on the right path to Digital Transformation.

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Every Global 2000 enterprise in the world is now integrating cloud computing in some form into its IT development and operations. Midsize and small businesses are also migrating to the cloud in increasing numbers.  

Companies are each developing their unique mix of cloud technologies and services, forming multi-cloud and hybrid cloud architectures and deployments across all major industries. Cloud-driven thinking has become the norm in financial services, manufacturing, telco, healthcare, transportation, energy, media, entertainment, retail and other consumer industries, and the public sector.

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The World's Largest "Cloud Digital Transformation" Event

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(Oct. 31 - Nov. 2, 2017, Santa Clara Convention Center, CA)

@CloudExpo | @ThingsExpo 2018 New York 
(June 12-14, 2018, Javits Center, Manhattan)

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Sponsors of Cloud Expo | @ThingsExpo will benefit from unmatched branding, profile building and lead generation opportunities through:

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  • Showcase exhibition during our new extended dedicated expo hours
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  • Capitalize on our Comprehensive Marketing efforts leading up to the show with print mailings, e-newsletters and extensive online media coverage
  • Unprecedented Marketing Coverage: Editorial Coverage on ITweetup to over 100,000 plus followers, press releases sent on major wire services to over 500 industry analysts

For more information on sponsorship, exhibit, and keynote opportunities, contact Carmen Gonzalez (@GonzalezCarmen) today by email at events (at) sys-con.com, or by phone 201 802-3021.

Secrets of Sponsors and Exhibitors ▸ Here
Secrets of Cloud Expo Speakers ▸ Here

All major researchers estimate there will be tens of billions devices - computers, smartphones, tablets, and sensors - connected to the Internet by 2020. This number will continue to grow at a rapid pace for the next several decades.

With major technology companies and startups seriously embracing Cloud strategies, now is the perfect time to attend @CloudExpo@ThingsExpo, October 31 - November 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center, CA, and June 12-4, 2018, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY, and learn what is going on, contribute to the discussions, and ensure that your enterprise is on the right path to Digital Transformation.

Delegates to Cloud Expo | @ThingsExpo will be able to attend 8 simultaneous, information-packed education tracks.

There are over 120 breakout sessions in all, with Keynotes, General Sessions, and Power Panels adding to three days of incredibly rich presentations and content.

Join Cloud Expo | @ThingsExpo conference chair Roger Strukhoff (@IoT2040), October 31 - November 2, 2017, Santa Clara Convention Center, CA, and June 12-14, 2018, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY, for three days of intense Enterprise Cloud and 'Digital Transformation' discussion and focus, including Big Data's indispensable role in IoT, Smart Grids and (IIoT) Industrial Internet of Things, Wearables and Consumer IoT, as well as (new) Digital Transformation in Vertical Markets.

Financial Technology - or FinTech - Is Now Part of the @CloudExpo Program!

Accordingly, attendees at the upcoming 21st Cloud Expo | @ThingsExpo October 31 - November 2, 2017, Santa Clara Convention Center, CA, and June 12-14, 2018, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY, will find fresh new content in a new track called FinTech, which will incorporate machine learning, artificial intelligence, deep learning, and blockchain into one track.

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More than US$20 billion in venture capital is being invested in FinTech this year. @CloudExpo is pleased to bring you the latest FinTech developments as an integral part of our program, starting at the 21st International Cloud Expo October 31 - November 2, 2017 in Silicon Valley, and June 12-14, 2018, in New York City.

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