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Brookdale Announces Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2013 Results

NASHVILLE, Tenn., Feb. 5, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- Brookdale Senior Living Inc. (NYSE: BKD) (the "Company") today reported financial and operating results for the fourth quarter and full year 2013.  Highlights were:

  • Cash From Facility Operations ("CFFO") was $88.5 million, or $0.71 per share, excluding $4.1 million of integration, transaction-related and electronic medical records ("EMR") roll-out costs in the fourth quarter of 2013.  Full year CFFO was $308.5 million, or $2.50 per share, excluding $14.5 million of integration, transaction-related and EMR roll-out costs during the year.
  • Adjusted EBITDA for the fourth quarter was $129.1 million, an 18.1% increase from the fourth quarter of 2012, and Adjusted EBITDA for the full year was $477.7 million, a 10.2% increase from 2012, excluding integration, transaction-related and EMR roll-out costs in all periods. 
  • Fourth quarter same community Facility Operating Income grew by 12.5% over the fourth quarter of 2012, as same community revenue grew by 2.9% and same community expenses decreased by 1.5%.
  • Entry Fee CCRCs completed 130 independent living entry fee unit closings and produced $21.7 million of net cash flow, an increase of $6.6 million over the fourth quarter of 2012.  For the full year of 2013, independent living entry fee closings produced $57.0 million of net cash flow.
  • Fourth quarter average occupancy increased 30 basis points from the fourth quarter of 2012 and average monthly revenue per unit for the senior housing portfolio improved by 2.5% from the prior year quarter. 
  • Execution of key growth strategy to build national Brookdale brand, including national print, broadcast and social media, drives increased inquiries, interaction and move-ins.

Andy Smith, Brookdale's CEO, said, "We had an outstanding year with a strong finish, producing record CFFO and Adjusted EBITDA for the fourth quarter and full year 2013.  Our results reflect increasing strength of the senior living sector's fundamentals as well as the success of our key operational strategies.  We expect our ongoing investments in our systems, real estate assets, branding and operational excellence will continue to optimize value for all of our stakeholders in 2014 and beyond, with the uppermost priority of providing the highest level of service and care to our residents."

Financial Results

Total revenue for the fourth quarter was $734.2 million, an increase of $34.8 million, or 5.0%, from the fourth quarter of 2012.  Revenue for the full year 2013 was $2.9 billion, a 4.5% increase from $2.8 billion for the full year 2012.  Fourth quarter 2013 total revenue is comprised of resident fee revenue of $638.6 million, which increased $29.8 million, or 4.9%, from the fourth quarter of 2012, management fee revenue of $8.2 million, which decreased $0.3 million, or 3.4%, from the fourth quarter of 2012, and managed community reimbursed costs of $87.5 million, which increased $5.3 million, or 6.5%.

Resident fee revenue for the fourth quarter increased primarily as a result of an increase in the average monthly revenue per unit compared to the prior year period, an increase in occupancy and the inclusion of revenue from communities acquired during the period.  Average monthly revenue per unit for the senior housing portfolio was $4,387 in the fourth quarter, an increase of $105, or 2.5%, over the fourth quarter of 2012.  Average occupancy for all consolidated communities for the fourth quarter of 2013 was 89.0%, compared to 88.7% for the fourth quarter of 2012 and 89.0% for the third quarter of 2013.  For the managed community portfolio, which includes a number of pre-stabilized communities in the initial fill-up phase, average occupancy for the fourth quarter was 86.1%, compared to 85.4% for the fourth quarter of 2012 and 85.7% for the third quarter of 2013.  

For the full year of 2013, resident fee revenue increased from $2.4 billion to $2.5 billion. Average monthly revenue per unit increased to $4,383 for the full year of 2013, a 2.6% increase over the full year of 2012.  Average occupancy for all consolidated communities for the full year was 88.7%, compared to 88.0% for the full year of 2012.

Facility operating expenses for the fourth quarter were $422.3 million, an increase of $5.2 million, or 1.2%, from the fourth quarter of 2012.  Facility operating expenses for the full year 2013 were $1.7 billion, a 2.5% increase from $1.6 billion for the full year 2012. 

General and administrative expenses for the fourth quarter were $46.1 million.  Excluding integration, transaction-related and EMR roll-out costs of $4.1 million and $7.2 million in the fourth quarters of 2013 and 2012, respectively, and non-cash stock-based compensation expense from both periods, general and administrative expenses were $36.8 million in the fourth quarter of 2013 versus $31.0 million for the prior year same period.  General and administrative expenses, excluding these items, were 4.6% of resident fee revenue (including resident fee revenues under management) in the fourth quarter of 2013.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Brookdale's management utilizes Adjusted EBITDA and CFFO to evaluate the Company's performance and liquidity because these metrics exclude non-cash items such as depreciation and amortization, asset impairment charges, non-cash stock-based compensation expense, gain on facility lease termination and straight-line lease expense, net of deferred gain amortization.  Adjusted EBITDA and CFFO include integration, transaction-related and EMR roll-out costs of $4.1 million and $14.5 million for the three months and year ended December 31, 2013, respectively, and $7.2 million and $23.5 million for the three months and year ended December 31, 2012, respectively.  Brookdale also uses Facility Operating Income to assess the performance of its communities.

For the quarter ended December 31, 2013, Facility Operating Income was $206.5 million, an increase of $19.2 million, or 10.2%, over the fourth quarter of 2012, and Adjusted EBITDA, excluding integration, transaction-related and EMR roll-out costs in 2013 and 2012, was $129.1 million, an increase of $19.8 million, or 18.1%, over the fourth quarter of 2012.  For the year ended December 31, 2013, Facility Operating Income was $812.2 million, an increase of $53.3 million, or 7.0%, over the full year of 2012, and Adjusted EBITDA, excluding integration, transaction-related and EMR roll-out costs in 2013 and 2012, was $477.7 million, an increase of $44.3 million, or 10.2%, over the full year of 2012.  

Cash From Facility Operations was $84.5 million for the fourth quarter of 2013, or $0.68 per share.  CFFO, excluding integration, transaction-related and EMR roll-out costs for both periods, was $88.5 million for the fourth quarter of 2013, or $0.71 per share, an increase of $19.9 million, or 29%, over CFFO of $68.7 million, or $0.56 per share, for the fourth quarter of 2012.  CFFO, excluding integration, transaction-related and EMR roll-out costs for both periods, was $308.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2013, or $2.50 per share, an increase of $46.1 million, or 17.6%, over CFFO of $262.4 million, or $2.15 per share, for the full year of 2012.

Net Loss

Net loss for the fourth quarter of 2013 was $(1.0) million, or $(0.01) per diluted common share, versus a net loss of $(24.7) million, or $(0.20) per diluted common share, in the fourth quarter of 2012.

Operating Activities

The Company reports information on six segments.  Four segments (Retirement Centers, Assisted Living, CCRCs – Rental and CCRCs – Entry Fee) constitute the Company's consolidated senior housing portfolio.  The fifth segment, Brookdale Ancillary Services, includes the Company's outpatient therapy, home health and hospice services.  The sixth segment, Management Services, includes the services provided to unconsolidated communities that are operated under management agreements.

Senior Housing

Revenue for the consolidated senior housing portfolio was $576.5 million for the fourth quarter of 2013, an increase of 4.3% from the fourth quarter of 2012.  Revenue was positively impacted by a 30 basis point increase in occupancy and a 2.5% increase in rate over the fourth quarter of 2012.  Facility operating expenses were $369.9 million for the fourth quarter of 2013, a decrease of 0.6% from the fourth quarter of 2012.  Operating income for the senior housing portfolio for the fourth quarter of 2013 increased by $26.0 million, or 14.4%, to $206.6 million from the fourth quarter of 2012, with operating margin increasing from 32.7% to 35.8%.

Same community results for the consolidated senior housing portfolio for the three months ended December 31, 2013 showed revenues grew 2.9% over the corresponding period in 2012 as revenue per unit increased by 2.5% and occupancy grew by 40 basis points.  Same community expenses decreased by 1.5% over the fourth quarter of 2012.  Same community Facility Operating Income for the senior housing portfolio increased by 12.5% over the fourth quarter of 2012.  

Brookdale Ancillary Services (formerly called Innovative Senior Care)

Revenue for the Company's ancillary services segment increased $6.0 million, or 10.7%, to $62.1 million for the fourth quarter of 2013, primarily due to the roll-out of the Company's ancillary services programs to additional locations.  In comparison to the fourth quarter of 2012, a volume increase in home health was offset by a reduction in volume in outpatient therapy and a reduction in Medicare reimbursement rates.  The ancillary services operating expenses increased $7.4 million, or 16.5%, primarily due to an increase in expenses incurred in connection with the continued expansion of the Company's ancillary services programs.  As a result, ancillary services operating income for the fourth quarter of 2013 was $9.6 million, a decrease of $1.4 million, or 12.8%, versus the fourth quarter of 2012.

By the end of the fourth quarter, the Company's ancillary services programs provided outpatient therapy services to approximately 38,300 units and the Company's home health agencies were serving approximately 33,900 units across the consolidated Brookdale portfolio.  Including non-consolidated communities, the Company's outpatient therapy and home health operations serve approximately 52,300 and 46,800 units, respectively.  The Company had 11 markets where hospice services were provided during the fourth quarter, with three more markets waiting for licensure approval.

Liquidity

Brookdale had $58.5 million of unrestricted cash and cash equivalents and $95.8 million of restricted cash on its balance sheet at the end of the fourth quarter.  As of December 31, 2013, the Company had $250.0 million of availability on its secured line of credit (of which $30.0 million had been drawn as of that date).  The Company also had secured and unsecured letter of credit facilities of up to $92.5 million in the aggregate as of December 31, 2013.  Letters of credit totaling $72.5 million had been issued under these facilities as of that date.

Transactions

Effective October 1, 2013, the Company acquired seven communities for an aggregate purchase price of $80.9 million.  The Company managed six of the communities since the acquisition of Horizon Bay in September 2011. The Company financed the transaction with $60.8 million of first mortgage financing (substantially through the assumption of existing debt), with the balance of the purchase price paid from cash on hand. The results of operations of the communities acquired are reported in the Assisted Living segment.

During the fourth quarter, the Company sold two communities for an aggregate selling price of $28.0 million.  The results of operations of the communities were previously reported in the Assisted Living and CCRCs - Rental segments.

2014 Outlook

For the full year 2014, the Company expects Cash From Facility Operations to range between $2.68 and $2.75 per share, excluding integration, transaction-related and EMR roll-out costs.  These estimates do not include the impact on operating results from possible future acquisitions or dispositions.

Supplemental Information

The Company will shortly post on the Investor Relations section of the Company's website at www.brookdale.com supplemental information relating to the Company's fourth quarter and full year 2013 results.  This information will also be furnished in a Form 8-K to be filed with the SEC.

Earnings Conference Call

Brookdale's management will conduct a conference call to review the financial results of its fourth quarter and full year ended December 31, 2013 on Thursday, February 6, 2014 at 10:00 AM ET.  The conference call can be accessed by dialing (866) 900-2996 (from within the U.S.) or (706) 643-2685 (from outside of the U.S.) ten minutes prior to the scheduled start and referencing the "Brookdale Senior Living Fourth Quarter Earnings Call." 

A webcast of the conference call will be available to the public on a listen-only basis at www.brookdale.com.  Please allow extra time prior to the call to visit the site and download the necessary software required to listen to the internet broadcast.  A replay of the webcast will be available through the website for three months following the call.

For those who cannot listen to the live call, a replay will be available until 11:59 PM ET on February 20, 2014 by dialing (855) 859-2056 (from within the U.S.) or (404) 537-3406 (from outside of the U.S.) and referencing access code "57838935".  A copy of this earnings release is posted on the Investor Relations page of the Brookdale website (www.brookdale.com). 

About Brookdale Senior Living

Brookdale Senior Living Inc. is a leading owner and operator of senior living communities throughout the United States.  The Company is committed to providing senior living solutions within properties that are designed, purpose-built and operated to provide the highest-quality service, care and living accommodations for residents.  Currently Brookdale operates independent living, assisted living, and dementia-care communities and continuing care retirement centers, with 649 communities in 36 states and the ability to serve approximately 67,000 residents.  Through its ancillary services programs, the Company also offers a range of outpatient therapy, home health, personalized living and hospice services.

Safe Harbor

Certain items in this press release and the associated earnings conference call may constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.  Those forward-looking statements are subject to various risks and uncertainties and include all statements that are not historical statements of fact and those regarding our intent, belief or expectations, including, but not limited to, statements relating to our operational initiatives and growth strategies and our expectations regarding their effect on our results; our expectations regarding the economy, the senior living industry, occupancy, revenue, cash flow, operating income, expenses, capital expenditures, Program Max opportunities, cost savings, the demand for senior housing, the home resale market, expansion, development and construction activity, acquisition opportunities, asset dispositions, our share repurchase program, taxes, capital deployment, returns on invested capital and CFFO; our expectations regarding returns to shareholders and our growth prospects; our expectations concerning the future performance of recently acquired communities and the effects of acquisitions on our financial results; our ability to secure financing or repay, replace or extend existing debt at or prior to maturity; our ability to remain in compliance with all of our debt and lease agreements (including the financial covenants contained therein); our expectations regarding liquidity and leverage; our expectations regarding financings and refinancings of assets (including the timing thereof) and their effect on our results; our expectations regarding changes in government reimbursement programs and their effect on our results; our plans to generate growth organically through occupancy improvements, increases in annual rental rates and the achievement of operating efficiencies and cost savings; our plans to expand our offering of ancillary services (therapy, home health and hospice); our plans to expand, renovate, redevelop and reposition existing communities; our plans to acquire additional communities, asset portfolios, operating companies and home health agencies; the expected project costs for our expansion, redevelopment and repositioning program; our expected levels of expenditures and reimbursements (and the timing thereof); our expectations regarding our sales, marketing and branding initiatives and their impact on our results; our expectations for the performance of our entrance fee communities; our ability to anticipate, manage and address industry trends and their effect on our business; our expectations regarding the payment of dividends; and our ability to increase revenues, earnings, Adjusted EBITDA, Cash From Facility Operations, and/or Facility Operating Income.  Forward-looking statements are generally identifiable by use of forward-looking terminology such as "may," "will," "should," "potential," "intend," "expect," "endeavor," "seek," "anticipate," "estimate," "overestimate," "underestimate," "believe," "could," "would," "project," "predict," "continue," "plan" or other similar words or expressions.  Forward-looking statements are based on certain assumptions or estimates, discuss future expectations, describe future plans and strategies, contain projections of results of operations or of financial condition, or state other forward-looking information.  Our ability to predict results or the actual effect of future plans or strategies is inherently uncertain.  Although we believe that the expectations reflected in such forward-looking statements are based on reasonable assumptions, actual results and performance could differ materially from those set forth in the forward-looking statements. Factors which could have a material adverse effect on our operations and future prospects or which could cause events or circumstances to differ from these forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, the risk associated with the current global economic situation and its impact upon capital markets and liquidity; changes in governmental reimbursement programs; our inability to extend (or refinance) debt (including our credit and letter of credit facilities) as it matures; the risk that we may not be able to satisfy the conditions precedent to exercising the extension options associated with certain of our debt agreements; events which adversely affect the ability of seniors to afford our monthly resident fees or entrance fees; the conditions of housing markets in certain geographic areas; our ability to generate sufficient cash flow to cover required interest and long-term operating lease payments; the effect of our indebtedness and long-term operating leases on our liquidity; the risk of loss of property pursuant to our mortgage debt and long-term lease obligations; the possibilities that changes in the capital markets, including changes in interest rates and/or credit spreads, or other factors could make financing more expensive or unavailable to us; our determination from time to time to purchase any shares under the repurchase program; our ability to fund any repurchases; our ability to effectively manage our growth; our ability to maintain consistent quality control; delays in obtaining regulatory approvals; the risk that we may not be able to expand, redevelop and reposition our communities in accordance with our plans; our ability to complete acquisitions and integrate them into our operations; competition for the acquisition of assets; our ability to obtain additional capital on terms acceptable to us; a decrease in the overall demand for senior housing; our vulnerability to economic downturns; acts of nature in certain geographic areas; terminations of our resident agreements and vacancies in the living spaces we lease; early terminations or non-renewal of management agreements; increased competition for skilled personnel; increased union activity; departure of our key officers; increases in market interest rates; environmental contamination at any of our facilities; failure to comply with existing environmental laws; an adverse determination or resolution of complaints filed against us; the cost and difficulty of complying with increasing and evolving regulation; and other risks detailed from time to time in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including our Annual Report on Form 10-K and Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q.  When considering forward-looking statements, you should keep in mind the risk factors and other cautionary statements in such SEC filings.  Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on any of these forward-looking statements, which reflect our management's views as of the date of this press release and/or the associated earnings conference call.  The factors discussed above and the other factors noted in our SEC filings from time to time could cause our actual results to differ significantly from those contained in any forward-looking statement.  We cannot guarantee future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements and we expressly disclaim any obligation to release publicly any updates or revisions to any forward-looking statements contained herein to reflect any change in our expectations with regard thereto or change in events, conditions or circumstances on which any statement is based.

  


Consolidated Statements of Operations

(in thousands, except per share data)





















Three Months Ended


Years Ended



December 31,


December 31,



2013


2012


2013


2012

Revenue








Resident fees 

$      638,581


$      608,807


$       2,515,033


$       2,412,936

Management fees 

8,150


8,436


31,125


30,786

Reimbursed costs incurred on behalf of managed communities

87,502


82,169


345,808


325,016

Total revenue 

734,233


699,412


2,891,966


2,768,738










Expense








Facility operating expense (excluding depreciation and amortization of $60,558, $56,090, $238,153, and $229,072, respectively)

422,336


417,168


1,671,945


1,630,919

General and administrative expense (including non-cash stock-based compensation expense of $5,202, $6,335, $25,978 and $25,520, respectively)

46,078


44,627


184,548


178,829

Facility lease expense 

69,701


70,785


276,729


284,025

Depreciation and amortization 

68,200


62,500


268,757


252,281

Asset impairment

10,233


19,348


12,891


27,677

Loss on acquisition

-


-


-


636

Gain on facility lease termination

-


(8,804)


-


(11,584)

Costs incurred on behalf of managed communities

87,502


82,169


345,808


325,016

Total operating expense

704,050


687,793


2,760,678


2,687,799

Income from operations 

30,183


11,619


131,288


80,939










Interest income 

312


1,792


1,339


4,012

Interest expense:








Debt 

(30,869)


(31,595)


(121,325)


(128,338)

Amortization of deferred financing costs and debt discount

(4,037)


(4,479)


(17,054)


(18,081)

Change in fair value of derivatives and amortization

386


7


980


(364)

Loss on extinguishment of debt

(319)


-


(1,265)


(221)

Equity in earnings (loss) of unconsolidated ventures

493


(3,277)


1,484


(3,488)

Other non-operating income

1,360


201


2,725


593

Loss before income taxes 

(2,491)


(25,732)


(1,828)


(64,948)

Benefit (provision) for income taxes 

1,516


1,040


(1,756)


(1,519)

Net loss

$           (975)


$      (24,692)


$            (3,584)


$          (66,467)










Basic and diluted net loss per share 

$          (0.01)


$          (0.20)


$              (0.03)


$              (0.54)










Weighted average shares used in computing basic and diluted net loss per share

124,308


122,608


123,671


121,991



















  


Consolidated Balance Sheets

(in thousands)













December 31, 2013


December 31, 2012











Cash and cash equivalents 


$                     58,511


$                     69,240

Cash and escrow deposits - restricted 


38,191


43,096

Accounts receivable, net


104,262


100,401

Other current assets 


93,898


96,301

Total current assets 


294,862


309,038

Property, plant, and equipment and





     leasehold intangibles, net 


3,895,475


3,879,977

Other assets, net 


547,420


517,753

Total assets 


$                4,737,757


$                4,706,768






Current liabilities


$                   870,844


$                1,130,898

Long-term debt, less current portion 


2,434,624


2,169,826

Other liabilities 


411,352


409,058

Total liabilities 


3,716,820


3,709,782

Stockholders' equity 


1,020,937


996,986

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity 


$                4,737,757


$                4,706,768






  

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(in thousands)








Years Ended December 31,



2013


2012

Cash Flows from Operating Activities




Net loss

$      (3,584)


$    (66,467)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating 




activities:




Loss on extinguishment of debt 

1,265


221

Depreciation and amortization 

285,811


270,362

Asset impairment

12,891


27,677

Equity in (earnings) loss of unconsolidated ventures 

(1,484)


3,488

Distributions from unconsolidated ventures from cumulative share of net




        earnings

2,691


1,507

Amortization of deferred gain 

(4,372)


(4,372)

Amortization of entrance fees 

(29,009)


(25,362)

Proceeds from deferred entrance fee revenue 

44,191


40,105

Deferred income tax benefit

(183)


(525)

Change in deferred lease liability 

2,597


6,668

Change in fair value of derivatives and amortization

(980)


364

(Gain) loss on sale of assets

(972)


332

Loss on acquisition

-


636

Gain on facility lease termination

-


(11,584)

Change in future service obligation

(1,917)


2,188

Non-cash stock-based compensation

25,978


25,520

Other

-


(487)

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:




Accounts receivable, net 

(5,449)


(3,415)

Prepaid expenses and other assets, net 

7,483


8,687

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

33,837


4,854

Tenant refundable fees and security deposits 

(792)


(1,547)

Deferred revenue

(1,881)


12,119

Net cash provided by operating activities 

366,121


290,969

Cash Flows from Investing Activities




Increase in lease security deposits and lease acquisition deposits, net

(2,051)


(7,999)

Decrease (increase) in cash and escrow deposits — restricted 

10,726


(4,810)

Purchase of marketable securities — restricted

-


(1,557)

Sale of marketable securities — restricted

-


35,124

Additions to property, plant, and equipment and leasehold intangibles, net

(257,527)


(208,412)

Acquisition of assets, net of related payables and cash received

(34,686)


(272,523)

Payments on notes receivable, net

168


131

Investment in unconsolidated ventures

(17,172)


(5,368)

Distributions received from unconsolidated ventures

1,600


350

Proceeds from sale of assets, net

34,136


9,243

Other

-


487

Net cash used in investing activities 

(264,806)


(455,334)

Cash Flows from Financing Activities




Proceeds from debt 

662,934


372,291

Repayment of debt and capital lease obligations

(724,133)


(191,835)

Proceeds from line of credit 

425,000


375,000

Repayment of line of credit 

(475,000)


(360,000)

Payment of financing costs, net of related payables 

(11,576)


(5,563)

Refundable entrance fees:




   Proceeds from refundable entrance fees 

48,140


42,600

   Refunds of entrance fees 

(35,325)


(27,356)

Cash portion of loss on extinguishment of debt

(502)


(118)

Purchase of derivatives and payment of swap termination

(2,863)


(1,908)

Other

1,281


(342)

   Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities 

(112,044)


202,769

            Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents 

(10,729)


38,404

            Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year

69,240


30,836

            Cash and cash equivalents at end of year

$      58,511


$      69,240






 

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Adjusted EBITDA

Adjusted EBITDA is a measure of operating performance that is not calculated in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP").  Adjusted EBITDA should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for net income, income from operations or cash flows provided by or used in operations, as determined in accordance with GAAP.  Adjusted EBITDA is a key measure of the Company's operating performance used by management to focus on operating performance and management without mixing in items of income and expense that relate to long-term contracts and the financing and capitalization of the business.  We define Adjusted EBITDA as net income (loss) before provision (benefit) for income taxes, non-operating (income) expense items, (gain) loss on sale or acquisition of communities (including  gain (loss) on facility lease termination), depreciation and amortization (including non-cash impairment charges), straight-line lease expense (income), amortization of deferred gain, amortization of deferred entrance fees, non-cash stock-based compensation expense, and change in future service obligation and including entrance fee receipts and refunds (excluding (i) first generation entrance fee receipts from the sale of units at a recently opened entrance fee CCRC prior to stabilization and (ii) first generation entrance fee refunds not replaced by second generation entrance fee receipts at the recently opened community prior to stabilization).

We believe Adjusted EBITDA is useful to investors in evaluating our performance, results of operations and financial position for the following reasons:

  • It is helpful in identifying trends in our day-to-day performance because the items excluded have little or no significance to our day-to-day operations;
  • It provides an assessment of controllable expenses and affords management the ability to make decisions which are expected to facilitate meeting current financial goals as well as achieve optimal financial performance; and
  • It is an indication to determine if adjustments to current spending decisions are needed.

The table below reconciles Adjusted EBITDA from net loss for the three months and years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012 (in thousands):  



Three Months Ended December 31(1), 


Years Ended December 31(1), 



2013


2012


2013


2012

Net loss 

$      (975)


$ (24,692)


$   (3,584)


$ (66,467)

(Benefit) provision for income taxes 

(1,516)


(1,040)


1,756


1,519

Equity in (earnings) loss of unconsolidated ventures 

(493)


3,277


(1,484)


3,488

Loss on extinguishment of debt

319


-


1,265


221

Other non-operating income

(1,360)


(201)


(2,725)


(593)

Interest expense:








    Debt 

24,840


24,492


96,131


98,183

    Capitalized lease obligation 

6,029


7,103


25,194


30,155

    Amortization of deferred financing costs and debt discount

4,037


4,479


17,054


18,081

    Change in fair value of derivatives and amortization

(386)


(7)


(980)


364

Interest income 

(312)


(1,792)


(1,339)


(4,012)

Income from operations 

30,183


11,619


131,288


80,939

Gain on facility lease termination

-


(8,804)


-


(11,584)

Loss on acquisition

-


-


-


636

Depreciation and amortization 

68,200


62,500


268,757


252,281

Asset impairment

10,233


19,348


12,891


27,677

Straight-line lease expense 

347


1,344


2,597


6,668

Amortization of deferred gain 

(1,093)


(1,093)


(4,372)


(4,372)

Amortization of entrance fees 

(7,831)


(6,527)


(29,009)


(25,362)

Non-cash stock-based compensation expense 

5,202


6,335


25,978


25,520

Change in future service obligation

(1,917)


2,188


(1,917)


2,188

Entrance fee receipts(2)

32,482


22,890


92,331


82,705

Entrance fee disbursements

(10,821)


(7,801)


(35,325)


(27,356)

Adjusted EBITDA

$ 124,985


$ 101,999


$ 463,219


$ 409,940










 

(1)   The calculation of Adjusted EBITDA includes integration, transaction-related and EMR roll-out costs of $4.1 million and $14.5 million for the three months and year ended December 31, 2013, respectively. The calculation of Adjusted EBITDA includes integration, transaction-related and EMR roll-out costs of $7.2 million and $23.5 million for the three months and year ended December 31, 2012, respectively.
(2)   Includes the receipt of refundable and non-refundable entrance fees.

Cash From Facility Operations

Cash From Facility Operations (CFFO) is a measurement of liquidity that is not calculated in accordance with GAAP and should not be considered in isolation as a substitute for cash flows provided by or used in operations, as determined in accordance with GAAP.  We define CFFO as net cash provided by (used in) operating activities adjusted for changes in operating assets and liabilities, deferred interest and fees added to principal, refundable entrance fees received, first generation entrance fee receipts at a recently opened entrance fee CCRC prior to stabilization, entrance fee refunds disbursed adjusted for first generation entrance fee refunds not replaced by second generation entrance fee receipts at the recently opened community prior to stabilization, lease financing debt amortization with fair market value or no purchase options, gain (loss) on facility lease termination, recurring capital expenditures (net), distributions from unconsolidated ventures from cumulative share of net earnings, CFFO from unconsolidated ventures, and other.  Recurring capital expenditures include routine expenditures capitalized in accordance with GAAP that are funded from current operations.  Amounts excluded from recurring capital expenditures consist primarily of major projects, renovations, community repositionings, expansions, systems projects or other non-recurring or unusual capital items (including integration capital expenditures) or community purchases that are funded using lease or financing proceeds, available cash and/or proceeds from the sale of communities that are held for sale.

We believe CFFO is useful to investors in evaluating our liquidity for the following reasons:

  • It provides an assessment of our ability to facilitate meeting current financial and liquidity goals.
  • To assess our ability to:

(i)   service our outstanding indebtedness;
(ii)  pay dividends; and
(iii) make regular recurring capital expenditures to maintain and improve our facilities.

The table below reconciles CFFO from net cash provided by operating activities for the three months and years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012 (in thousands):

  



Three Months Ended December 31(1), 


Years Ended December 31(1), 



2013


2012


2013


2012










Net cash provided by operating activities 

$ 117,046


$ 82,991


$ 366,121


$ 290,969

Changes in operating assets and liabilities 

(27,473)


(14,772)


(33,198)


(20,698)

Refundable entrance fees received(2)

18,875


13,088


48,140


42,600

Entrance fee refunds disbursed

(10,821)


(7,801)


(35,325)


(27,356)

Recurring capital expenditures, net 

(10,786)


(10,168)


(42,901)


(38,306)

Lease financing debt amortization with fair market value or no purchase options

(3,594)


(3,132)


(13,927)


(12,120)

Distributions from unconsolidated ventures from cumulative share of net earnings

(602)


(72)


(2,691)


(1,507)

CFFO from unconsolidated ventures

1,825


1,279


7,804


5,376

Cash From Facility Operations

$   84,470


$ 61,413


$ 294,023


$ 238,958










 

(1)   The calculation of Cash From Facility Operations includes integration, transaction-related and EMR roll-out costs of $4.1 million and $14.5 million for the three months and year ended December 31, 2013, respectively. The calculation of Cash From Facility Operations includes integration, transaction-related and EMR roll-out costs of $7.2 million and $23.5 million for the three months and year ended December 31, 2012, respectively.
(2)   Total entrance fee receipts for the three months ended December 31, 2013 and 2012 were $32.5 million and $22.9 million, respectively, including $13.6 million and $9.8 million, respectively, of non-refundable entrance fee receipts included in net cash provided by operating activities.  Total entrance fee receipts for the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012 were $92.3 million and $82.7 million, respectively, including $44.2 million and $40.1 million, respectively, of non-refundable entrance fee receipts included in net cash provided by operating activities.

The calculation of CFFO per share is based on weighted average outstanding common shares for the period, excluding any unvested restricted shares.  Annual CFFO per share for all periods is calculated as the sum of the quarterly amounts for the year.

Facility Operating Income

Facility Operating Income is not a measurement of operating performance calculated in accordance with GAAP and should not be considered in isolation as a substitute for net income, income from operations, or cash flows provided by or used in operations, as determined in accordance with GAAP.  We define Facility Operating Income as net income (loss) before provision (benefit) for income taxes, non-operating (income) expense items, (gain) loss on sale or acquisition of communities (including gain (loss) on facility lease termination), depreciation and amortization (including non-cash impairment charges), facility lease expense, general and administrative expense, including non-cash stock-based compensation expense, change in future service obligation, amortization of deferred entrance fee revenue and management fees.

We believe Facility Operating Income is useful to investors in evaluating our facility operating performance for the following reasons:

  • It is helpful in identifying trends in our day-to-day facility performance;
  • It provides an assessment of our revenue generation and expense management; and
  • It provides an indicator to determine if adjustments to current spending decisions are needed.

The table below reconciles Facility Operating Income from net loss for the three months and years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012 (in thousands):

 



  Three Months Ended December 31, 


Years Ended December 31, 



2013


2012


2013


2012










Net loss 

$      (975)


$ (24,692)


$   (3,584)


$ (66,467)

(Benefit) provision for income taxes 

(1,516)


(1,040)


1,756


1,519

Equity in (earnings) loss of unconsolidated ventures 

(493)


3,277


(1,484)


3,488

Loss on extinguishment of debt

319


-


1,265


221

Other non-operating income

(1,360)


(201)


(2,725)


(593)

Interest expense:








    Debt 

24,840


24,492


96,131


98,183

    Capitalized lease obligation 

6,029


7,103


25,194


30,155

    Amortization of deferred financing costs and debt discount

4,037


4,479


17,054


18,081

    Change in fair value of derivatives and amortization

(386)


(7)


(980)


364

Interest income 

(312)


(1,792)


(1,339)


(4,012)

Income from operations

30,183


11,619


131,288


80,939

Gain on facility lease termination

-


(8,804)


-


(11,584)

Depreciation and amortization 

68,200


62,500


268,757


252,281

Asset impairment

10,233


19,348


12,891


27,677

Loss on acquisition

-


-


-


636

Facility lease expense 

69,701


70,785


276,729


284,025

General and administrative (including non-cash








     stock-based compensation expense)

46,078


44,627


184,548


178,829

Change in future service obligation

(1,917)


2,188


(1,917)


2,188

Amortization of entrance fees

(7,831)


(6,527)


(29,009)


(25,362)

Management fees 

(8,150)


(8,436)


(31,125)


(30,786)

Facility Operating Income 

$ 206,497


$ 187,300


$ 812,162


$ 758,843










 

SOURCE Brookdale Senior Living Inc.

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