Click here to close now.


Microsoft Cloud Authors: Jordan Sanders, Carmen Gonzalez, Pat Romanski, Keith Mayer, Jayaram Krishnaswamy

Blog Feed Post

Akamai Releases Third Quarter 2012 ‘State of the Internet’ Report With Nordic Highlights

  • More than 680 million unique IP addresses connected to Akamai Intelligent Platform

  • Just under 25 percent of observed attack traffic originated from Europe

  • Observed Distributed Denial of Service attacks against banking industry reached total traffic levels of 65Gbps

  • Global high broadband (>10 Mbps) adoption reached 11 percent

  • Nordic countries experience a double digit percentage increase in high broadband adoption year on year

  • The Netherlands and Switzerland lead Europe in high broadband adoption, with 22 percent of connections at speeds of 10 Mbps or more

Zurich, Switzerland - January 23, 2013 - Akamai Technologies (NASDAQ AKAM), a leading cloud platform for helping enterprises provide secure, high-performing user experiences on any device, anywhere, today released its Third Quarter, 2012 State of the Internet report. Based on data gathered from the Akamai Intelligent Platform™ the report provides insights into key global statistics including connection speeds, attack traffic, and network connectivity and availability, among many others.

In addition, the Third Quarter, 2012 State of the Internet report includes an analysis of the Operation Ababil DDoS (Distributed Denial of Service) attacks against the banking industry in the United States and an examination of mobile browser usage by network connection type collected via Akamai IO. The report also provides a review of third quarter Internet disruptions in Lebanon, Jordan and Syria, based on Akamai traffic patterns observed within those countries.

European Highlights from Akamai's Third Quarter 2012 report:
Global Internet Penetration:
68 million more IPv4 Addresses than in Q3 2011
More than 680 million IPv4 addresses from 243 countries/regions connected to the Akamai Intelligent Platform during the third quarter of 2012. This represents an 11 percent increase year over year. Given that a single IP address can represent multiple individuals in some cases - such as when users access the Web through a firewall or proxy server -Akamai estimates the total number of unique Web users connecting to its platform during the quarter to be well over one billion.

Of the top 10 countries with the most unique IPv4 addresses connecting to the Akamai Intelligent Platform, Italy (#9) achieved an impressive year-over-year increase of 27 percent, followed by the UK (#5) with a year-over-year increase of 18 percent. Other European countries in the top 10 global listing were Germany (#4) with a year-over-year increase of 6 percent, and France (#6) with year-over-year growth of 5.9 percent.

The number of available IPv4 addresses continued to decline during the third quarter of 2012. Data published by the Regional Internet Registries (RIRs) revealed that consumption by RIPENCC (the European RIR) climbed steadily throughout most of the quarter, before stabilizing in the second week of September. This coincides with the September 14 milestone, when RIPENCC reached its last block (~16 million) of IPv4 addresses. RIPENCC also announced that going forward the assignment of IPv4 address space will be more restrictive, stating "It is now imperative that all stakeholders deploy IPv6 on their networks to ensure the continuity of their online operations and the future growth of the Internet."

Attack Traffic and Top Ports Attacked: Europe number two source of observed attacks behind Asia Pacific
Akamai maintains a distributed set of agents deployed across the Internet that monitors attack traffic. Based on data collected by these agents, Akamai is able to identify the top countries from which attack traffic originates as well as the top ports targeted by these attacks.

In the third quarter of 2012, China was again responsible for the largest volume of observed attack traffic, accounting for nearly a third of the total (33 percent). This is double the percentage observed in the previous quarter. The United States remained in second place, responsible for 13 percent of observed attacks.

Examining the regional distribution of observed attack traffic, Europe was responsible for just under 25 percent of all observed attack traffic in the third quarter of 2012; the top European country generating attack traffic was Italy (1.7 percent).

Receiving 30 percent of observed attack traffic, Port 445 (Microsoft-DS) remained the most targeted port. Port 23 (Telnet) was a distant second at only 7.6 percent.

Operation Ababil
Akamai was involved in protecting some of the organizations targeted by a series of DDoS (Distributed Denial of Service) attacks known as "Operation Ababil" that occurred in September 2012. As a result, Akamai observed attacks with the following characteristics:

  • Up to 65 gigabits per second (Gbps) of total attack traffic that varied in target and technique

  • A significant portion (nearly 23 Gbps) of the attack traffic was aimed at the Domain Name System (DNS) servers that are used for Akamai's Enhanced DNS services

  • Attack traffic to Akamai's DNS infrastructure included both UDP and TCP traffic which attempted to overload the servers, and the network in front of them, with spurious requests

  • The majority of the attack traffic requested legitimate Web pages from Akamai customer sites over HTTP & HTTPS in an attempt to overload the Web servers

  • Some attack traffic consisted of 'junk' packets that were automatically dropped by Akamai servers

  • Some attack traffic consisted of HTTP request floods to dynamic portions of sites such as branch/ATM locators and search pages

European Broadband Connectivity: The Netherlands and Switzerland lead the pace in Europe
In the third quarter of 2012, broadband connections to Akamai at speeds above 4 Mbps again remained high. The Netherlands and Switzerland continue to lead Europe with 82% adoption rate. Both countries are well ahead of Belgium, Denmark, and the Czech Republic, all of which saw 68 percent of connections to Akamai at speeds above 4 Mbps. France achieved strong year-on-year growth with a 70 percent increase (to 47 percent adoption), while Italy saw a decrease of 4 percent, down to 25 percent adoption rate, well behind their European neighbours and the global broadband adoption level of 41 percent.

With a strong 17 percent quarter-over-quarter change, the Netherlands joined Switzerland in having the highest levels of high broadband adoption among surveyed countries in Europe; both countries have 22 percent of connections to Akamai at speeds of 10 Mbps or more, well ahead of the global high broadband adoption level of 11 percent.

A review of year-over-year changes reveals the adoption levels of high broadband continued to increase in many European countries. Growth ranged from just one percent in the Netherlands, to more than double in the UK (up 145 percent). Other countries experiencing a double digit percentage increase in high broadband adoption levels as compared to the third quarter of 2011 include Denmark (up 64 percent), Sweden (up 61 percent), Finland (up 73 percent), Belgium (up 57 percent), Germany (up 42 percent), Spain (up 111 percent) and France (up 79 percent).

Mobile Connectivity: Fastest connections for Russian and Spanish Mobile Users
The highest mobile average connection speed measured in the third quarter of 2012 was 7.8 Mbps, delivered by a mobile provider in Russia which also had the fastest mobile average peak connection speed at 39.2 Mbps, followed by a Spanish provider with 33 Mbps.

Analysis of Akamai IO data collected in the third quarter indicates that for users of mobile devices on cellular networks connecting to the Akamai Intelligent Platform, the largest percentage of requests (37.6 percent) came from devices using the Android Webkit. Devices using Apple's Mobile Safari were a close second (35.7 percent). However, for users of mobile devices across all network types, Apple's Mobile Safari accounted for 60.1 percent of requests, with the Android Webkit responsible for 23.1 percent.

Nordic Highlights
Across the Nordics, Swedish users had again the fastest connections with average peak connection speeds of 26.9 Mbps (up 14 percent from Q2), closely followed by their Danish and Finnish neighbours (26.5 Mbps and 25.0 Mbps). Whilst still ranking 4th in the region, Norway experienced the highest quarter on quarter increase in average peak connection speedsof 18 percent to reach 23.2 Mbps in the third quarter.

In terms of average connection speed, Denmark continues to lead in the region while ranking #8 in the global list, now boasting an average connection speed of 7.2 Mbps (up 8.6 percent on Q2)

Strongest quarter-over-quarter increase were seen in Sweden (#3 in the region) with 16 percent growth to 6.8 Mbps in Q3, followed by Norway (#4) with 13 percent growth to 6.2 Mbps. Both countries are now catching up with Finland, which retains its #2 ranking in the region despite the weakest quarter-over-quarter growth in average connection speed (3.8 percent).

In Q3 2012 all four Nordic countries experienced significant increases in the rate of their high broadband connectivity. The greatest of 41 percent was seen in Sweden, followed closely by Denmark (34 percent), Norway (31 percent) and finally Finland (15 percent).

About the Akamai State of the Internet Report
Each quarter, Akamai publishes a "State of the Internet" report. This report includes data gathered from across the Akamai Intelligent Platform about attack traffic, broadband adoption, mobile connectivity, and other relevant topics concerning the Internet and its usage, as well as trends seen in this data over time. To learn more, and to access the archive of past reports, please visit

To download the figures from the Third Quarter, 2012 State of the Internet report, please visit

About Akamai
Akamai® is a leading cloud platform for helping enterprises provide secure, high-performing user experiences on any device anywhere. At the core of the Company's solutions is the Akamai Intelligent Platform ™ providing extensive reach, coupled with first-class reliability, security, visibility and expertise. Akamai removes the complexities of connecting the increasingly mobile world, supporting 24/7 consumer demand, and enabling enterprises to securely leverage the cloud. To learn more about how Akamai is accelerating the pace of innovation in a hyperconnected world, please visit, or, and follow @Akamai on Twitter.

Press Contacts:
Karine Gourdon-Keller
Senior Analyst and Public Relations Manager
Tel: +49 89 94006-312
Email: [email protected]

Per Sterner
Regional Sales Manager, Sweden,
Tel: + 46 8 5052 1200
Email: [email protected]

Read the original blog entry...

More Stories By RealWire News Distribution

RealWire is a global news release distribution service specialising in the online media. The RealWire approach focuses on delivering relevant content to the receivers of our client's news releases. As we know that it is only through delivering relevance, that influence can ever be achieved.

@ThingsExpo Stories
Most of the IoT Gateway scenarios involve collecting data from machines/processing and pushing data upstream to cloud for further analytics. The gateway hardware varies from Raspberry Pi to Industrial PCs. The document states the process of allowing deploying polyglot data pipelining software with the clear notion of supporting immutability. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Shashank Jain, a development architect for SAP Labs, discussed the objective, which is to automate the IoT deployment process from development to production scenarios using Docker containers.
The cloud. Like a comic book superhero, there seems to be no problem it can’t fix or cost it can’t slash. Yet making the transition is not always easy and production environments are still largely on premise. Taking some practical and sensible steps to reduce risk can also help provide a basis for a successful cloud transition. A plethora of surveys from the likes of IDG and Gartner show that more than 70 percent of enterprises have deployed at least one or more cloud application or workload. Yet a closer inspection at the data reveals less than half of these cloud projects involve production...
Countless business models have spawned from the IaaS industry – resell Web hosting, blogs, public cloud, and on and on. With the overwhelming amount of tools available to us, it's sometimes easy to overlook that many of them are just new skins of resources we've had for a long time. In his general session at 17th Cloud Expo, Harold Hannon, Sr. Software Architect at SoftLayer, an IBM Company, broke down what we have to work with, discussed the benefits and pitfalls and how we can best use them to design hosted applications.
Discussions of cloud computing have evolved in recent years from a focus on specific types of cloud, to a world of hybrid cloud, and to a world dominated by the APIs that make today's multi-cloud environments and hybrid clouds possible. In this Power Panel at 17th Cloud Expo, moderated by Conference Chair Roger Strukhoff, panelists addressed the importance of customers being able to use the specific technologies they need, through environments and ecosystems that expose their APIs to make true change and transformation possible.
Microservices are a very exciting architectural approach that many organizations are looking to as a way to accelerate innovation. Microservices promise to allow teams to move away from monolithic "ball of mud" systems, but the reality is that, in the vast majority of organizations, different projects and technologies will continue to be developed at different speeds. How to handle the dependencies between these disparate systems with different iteration cycles? Consider the "canoncial problem" in this scenario: microservice A (releases daily) depends on a couple of additions to backend B (re...
Container technology is shaping the future of DevOps and it’s also changing the way organizations think about application development. With the rise of mobile applications in the enterprise, businesses are abandoning year-long development cycles and embracing technologies that enable rapid development and continuous deployment of apps. In his session at DevOps Summit, Kurt Collins, Developer Evangelist at, examined how Docker has evolved into a highly effective tool for application delivery by allowing increasingly popular Mobile Backend-as-a-Service (mBaaS) platforms to quickly crea...
Too often with compelling new technologies market participants become overly enamored with that attractiveness of the technology and neglect underlying business drivers. This tendency, what some call the “newest shiny object syndrome” is understandable given that virtually all of us are heavily engaged in technology. But it is also mistaken. Without concrete business cases driving its deployment, IoT, like many other technologies before it, will fade into obscurity.
We all know that data growth is exploding and storage budgets are shrinking. Instead of showing you charts on about how much data there is, in his General Session at 17th Cloud Expo, Scott Cleland, Senior Director of Product Marketing at HGST, showed how to capture all of your data in one place. After you have your data under control, you can then analyze it in one place, saving time and resources.
The Internet of Things is clearly many things: data collection and analytics, wearables, Smart Grids and Smart Cities, the Industrial Internet, and more. Cool platforms like Arduino, Raspberry Pi, Intel's Galileo and Edison, and a diverse world of sensors are making the IoT a great toy box for developers in all these areas. In this Power Panel at @ThingsExpo, moderated by Conference Chair Roger Strukhoff, panelists discussed what things are the most important, which will have the most profound effect on the world, and what should we expect to see over the next couple of years.
Growth hacking is common for startups to make unheard-of progress in building their business. Career Hacks can help Geek Girls and those who support them (yes, that's you too, Dad!) to excel in this typically male-dominated world. Get ready to learn the facts: Is there a bias against women in the tech / developer communities? Why are women 50% of the workforce, but hold only 24% of the STEM or IT positions? Some beginnings of what to do about it! In her Day 2 Keynote at 17th Cloud Expo, Sandy Carter, IBM General Manager Cloud Ecosystem and Developers, and a Social Business Evangelist, wil...
PubNub has announced the release of BLOCKS, a set of customizable microservices that give developers a simple way to add code and deploy features for realtime apps.PubNub BLOCKS executes business logic directly on the data streaming through PubNub’s network without splitting it off to an intermediary server controlled by the customer. This revolutionary approach streamlines app development, reduces endpoint-to-endpoint latency, and allows apps to better leverage the enormous scalability of PubNub’s Data Stream Network.
Apps and devices shouldn't stop working when there's limited or no network connectivity. Learn how to bring data stored in a cloud database to the edge of the network (and back again) whenever an Internet connection is available. In his session at 17th Cloud Expo, Ben Perlmutter, a Sales Engineer with IBM Cloudant, demonstrated techniques for replicating cloud databases with devices in order to build offline-first mobile or Internet of Things (IoT) apps that can provide a better, faster user experience, both offline and online. The focus of this talk was on IBM Cloudant, Apache CouchDB, and ...
I recently attended and was a speaker at the 4th International Internet of @ThingsExpo at the Santa Clara Convention Center. I also had the opportunity to attend this event last year and I wrote a blog from that show talking about how the “Enterprise Impact of IoT” was a key theme of last year’s show. I was curious to see if the same theme would still resonate 365 days later and what, if any, changes I would see in the content presented.
Cloud computing delivers on-demand resources that provide businesses with flexibility and cost-savings. The challenge in moving workloads to the cloud has been the cost and complexity of ensuring the initial and ongoing security and regulatory (PCI, HIPAA, FFIEC) compliance across private and public clouds. Manual security compliance is slow, prone to human error, and represents over 50% of the cost of managing cloud applications. Determining how to automate cloud security compliance is critical to maintaining positive ROI. Raxak Protect is an automated security compliance SaaS platform and ma...
The Internet of Things (IoT) is growing rapidly by extending current technologies, products and networks. By 2020, Cisco estimates there will be 50 billion connected devices. Gartner has forecast revenues of over $300 billion, just to IoT suppliers. Now is the time to figure out how you’ll make money – not just create innovative products. With hundreds of new products and companies jumping into the IoT fray every month, there’s no shortage of innovation. Despite this, McKinsey/VisionMobile data shows "less than 10 percent of IoT developers are making enough to support a reasonably sized team....
Just over a week ago I received a long and loud sustained applause for a presentation I delivered at this year’s Cloud Expo in Santa Clara. I was extremely pleased with the turnout and had some very good conversations with many of the attendees. Over the next few days I had many more meaningful conversations and was not only happy with the results but also learned a few new things. Here is everything I learned in those three days distilled into three short points.
DevOps is about increasing efficiency, but nothing is more inefficient than building the same application twice. However, this is a routine occurrence with enterprise applications that need both a rich desktop web interface and strong mobile support. With recent technological advances from Isomorphic Software and others, rich desktop and tuned mobile experiences can now be created with a single codebase – without compromising functionality, performance or usability. In his session at DevOps Summit, Charles Kendrick, CTO and Chief Architect at Isomorphic Software, demonstrated examples of com...
As organizations realize the scope of the Internet of Things, gaining key insights from Big Data, through the use of advanced analytics, becomes crucial. However, IoT also creates the need for petabyte scale storage of data from millions of devices. A new type of Storage is required which seamlessly integrates robust data analytics with massive scale. These storage systems will act as “smart systems” provide in-place analytics that speed discovery and enable businesses to quickly derive meaningful and actionable insights. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Paul Turner, Chief Marketing Officer at...
In his keynote at @ThingsExpo, Chris Matthieu, Director of IoT Engineering at Citrix and co-founder and CTO of Octoblu, focused on building an IoT platform and company. He provided a behind-the-scenes look at Octoblu’s platform, business, and pivots along the way (including the Citrix acquisition of Octoblu).
In his General Session at 17th Cloud Expo, Bruce Swann, Senior Product Marketing Manager for Adobe Campaign, explored the key ingredients of cross-channel marketing in a digital world. Learn how the Adobe Marketing Cloud can help marketers embrace opportunities for personalized, relevant and real-time customer engagement across offline (direct mail, point of sale, call center) and digital (email, website, SMS, mobile apps, social networks, connected objects).