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December Cyber Conflict and Cyber War Link Roundup

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Happy New Year everyone. Obviously the biggest news in December, 2012, was the CFR hack over the Christmas break. It utilized an IE7 0day. The second biggest newsmaker was the announcement by the DOJ to indict foreign entities for state sponsored attacks. Iran is making claims of another cyber attack akin to Gauss, Flame and Stuxnet.

Hoping everyone has a healthy 2013.

News

Chinese Hackers Suspected in Cyber Attack on Council on Foreign Relations

Computer hackers traced to China carried out an advanced cyberespionage attack against one of America’s most elite foreign policy web groups – the website of the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR).
According to private computer-security forensic specialists, the hacking incident involved a relatively new type of ploy called a ‘drive-by’ website cyber attack that was detected around 2:00 p.m. on Wednesday.

[Ed: The IE 0day has been reportedly seen affecting multiple organizations globally and was quickly incorporated into the attack toolkit Metasploit. A temporary fix is available from Microsoft. The bug affects IE6, IE7 and IE8.]

Russian space research org targeted by mystery malware attack

Security researchers have discovered a targeted attack against Russian hi-tech firm that appears to originate in Korea.
The “Sanny” attack* is malware-based and geared towards stealing login information from Russian telecommunications, information technology and space research organisations. The first stage of the assault features a malicious Russian language MS Word document designed to drop malware onto compromised PCs. This establishes a backdoor on infected machines, establishing a botnet in the process.

DOJ Plans to Indict State-Sponsored Cyber Attackers

In an intriguing push against the ever-increasing number of foreign-governments sponsored cyber attacks against U.S. companies, the U.S. Department of Justice intends to turn to its roots with an old-fashioned tactic that has worked against the mafia, drug traffickers and white collar crime: criminal prosecutions.

Shamoon was an external attack on Saudi oil production

In its first comment on the apparent purpose behind the August Shamoon attack on Aramco, Saudi Arabia said Sunday that it was an external attack not just against Aramco, but against the Saudi economy.

Iran Computers Face Threat from New Targeted Data Wiping Malware

Iranian computers are facing a fresh threat from a newly unleashed “targeted data wiping malware” dubbed as Batchwiper.
Although the virus appears not to be as devastating as the previous ones, it threatens to wipe out the data from the infected computers.
An alert has been issued by Maher, Iran’s Computer Emergency Response Team Coordination Centre (CERTCC), saying the malware is thought to be present in the country’s computers for at least two months.

[India] DRDO to develop OS to strengthen cyber security

Speaking to newsmen on sidelines of NAVCOM-2012′, two-day international conference on Navigation and Communication that began here, Saraswat, Scientific Adviser to Defence Minister, said, “We have already started a major programme and are one-and-half-years into that programme. It (Indian OS) is a major effort requiring large number of software engineers working together.”

Blog & Opinion Piece

The Fog of Cyberwar
Brandon Valeriano and Ryan Maness

Our research shows that although warnings about cyberwarfare have become more severe, the actual magnitude and pace of attacks do not match popular perception. Only 20 of 124 active rivals — defined as the most conflict-prone pairs of states in the system — engaged in cyberconflict between 2001 and 2011. And there were only 95 total cyberattacks among these 20 rivals. The number of observed attacks pales in comparison to other ongoing threats: a state is 600 times more likely to be the target of a terrorist attack than a cyberattack. We used a severity score ranging from five, which is minimal damage, to one, where death occurs as a direct result from cyberwarfare. Of all 95 cyberattacks in our analysis, the highest score — that of Stuxnet and Flame — was only a three.

What to Read on Cybersecurity
By Adam Segal

In August 2012, hackers attacked the networks of Saudi Aramco, destroying data on some 30,000 of the company’s computers. Then in November, Chevron revealed that it had been infected by Stuxnet, the malware the United States and Israel had allegedly designed to slow Iran’s nuclear program. Some U.S. policymakers and analysts have suggested that the attacks originated in Iran as retribution for the sabotage campaign. Those who claimed responsibility said that they are a hacking collective, with no ties to Iran, angry about an anti-Islam film posted on YouTube. The United States’ options for dealing with the breach differ depending on whether the attack on Saudi Aramco was the work of political hackers or state-directed and part of an escalating cyberconflict. Crafting such policy will not be possible without conceptual clarity, and the works below strive to define actors and interests, means and methods in cybersecurity.

Five Trends to Watch for in Chinese Cybersecurity in 2013

With 2012 coming to an end, here are some of the larger trends to watch in Chinese cybersecurity in the upcoming year.

The Pentagon’s Cyberstrategy, One Year Later
William J. Lynn III

More destructive cyberweapons are being created every day, and an increasingly sophisticated technology black market virtually guarantees that they will eventually land in the hands of the United States’ enemies. Robust defenses are no longer a luxury, they are a necessity.

Cyber War and Jus in Bello
by Bhaskar Sharma

This article will focus on the applicability of international humanitarian law (IHL) on cyber network attacks (CNA). It will try to construct the parameters into which CNA can be confined and regulated by laws of armed conflict. In IHL, there is no specific mentioning of CNA per se, but it is increasingly becoming important to look at it from the IHL point of view because of its growing importance in military activities and its potential to gain military advantage in a more cost effective way.

On the Spectrum of Cyberspace Operations
by Gary D. Brown and Owen W. Tullos

When evaluating potential cyber activities, US policymakers have tended to view cyber operations as strictly delineated: offense or defense; espionage or military operations. Reality defies such stark categorization; determining when one type of cyber operation ends and another begins is challenging. Rather than establishing strict categories into which cyber activities are sorted, it may be best to view cyber operations along a spectrum; a proposal for a spectrum of cyber activities is set out later in the paper.

Political Neutrality and National Responsibility in Cyber Conflict
Jason Healey

This Issue Brief discusses neutrality in cyber space, giving an extended example of how different nations become more responsible for attacks on another nation, which illustrates how four criteria (Severity, Obviousness, Stoppability, and Duration) seem to be critical. Last, the brief explores how ‘commercial neutrality’ on the rights and obligations of companies which have built and own most of cyberspace, may be more important than the neutrality of nations.

The Trends in Targeted Attacks of 2012

Throughout 2012, we investigated a variety of targeted attacks including several APT campaigns such as LuckyCat and Ixeshe, as well as updates on some long running campaigns such as Lurid/Enfal and Taidoor. There was a lot of great research within the community related to targeted attacks published this year, and I’ve clustered the research I found to be the most interesting into six themes that I think also encapsulate the trends in targeted attacks of 2012.

Read the original blog entry...

More Stories By Bob Gourley

Bob Gourley, former CTO of the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA), is Founder and CTO of Crucial Point LLC, a technology research and advisory firm providing fact based technology reviews in support of venture capital, private equity and emerging technology firms. He has extensive industry experience in intelligence and security and was awarded an intelligence community meritorious achievement award by AFCEA in 2008, and has also been recognized as an Infoworld Top 25 CTO and as one of the most fascinating communicators in Government IT by GovFresh.

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