Welcome!

.NET Authors: Lori MacVittie, Yeshim Deniz, Ivan Antsipau, Liz McMillan, Michael Bushong

News Feed Item

Global Markets for Polyolefin Resins -- Focus on China

NEW YORK, Dec. 27, 2012 /PRNewswire/ -- Reportlinker.com announces that a new market research report is available in its catalogue:

Global Markets for Polyolefin Resins -- Focus on China

http://www.reportlinker.com/p01057691/Global-Markets-for-Polyolefin-Resi...

INTRODUCTION

This chapter provides an introduction to this report, describing the study goals and objectives, reasons for doing the study, intended audience, scope, methodology, information sources, and analyst credentials for along with an introduction to BCC online services and disclaimer.

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

The goal of this study is to help the readers form a comprehensive understanding of the recent advances and trends in polyolefins manufacturing, applications, technologies, and global and regional markets. For this goal, this report will provide in-depth analysis for the polyolefin resins market, including polyethylene (PE) and polypropylene (PP) markets. PE includes low density polyethylene (LDPE), linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE) and high density polyethylene (HDPE).

Four objectives in this report will be met. Major types of polyolefins and their future demand will be described. Main technologies of polyolefin manufacturing will be discussed. Commercial applications in which polyolefin resins are used will be discussed. Present consumption and future demand for polyolefins will be evaluated for global markets by seven world regions: North America, South America, Europe, China, Asia, Middle East and Africa, and the rest of the world (ROW).

Trends in technology will be analyzed. The impact of governmental regulations and international agreements will be ascertained. Patents of polyolefins will be discussed. The structural dynamics of the polyolefin industry will be outlined, along with profiles of key manufacturers in the United States, China, Japan, Korea, India, Brazil, France, Germany, Austria, Taiwan, and other countries or regions.

This report will review global markets for polyolefins and will forecast trends and sales in these markets through 2016. Important manufacturers, technologies and factors influencing demand will be discussed.

The polyolefin market is closely relevant to the production and supplies of the olefin industry; therefore, olefin production will be described. Catalysts are important materials for polyolefin production and will be discussed.

BCC's goal in conducting this study was to determine the current status of the polyolefin industry and to assess its growth potential over a five-year period from 2011 to 2016. A primary objective was to present a comprehensive analysis of the current polyolefin market and project its future direction.

REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY

There are two reasons for doing this study:

Polyolefin manufacturers need to understand the market trend and new technologies of the industry, planning their investment, production, and research and development (R&D) for the next five years or a longer period.

Raw materials suppliers and catalyst manufacturers need to understand the polyolefin market consumption and trends for planning their production and R&D for the next five years.

SCOPE OF REPORT

The report forecasts the size of the market in current U.S. dollars for polyolefin resins materials in value terms for each material and/or volume terms from 2011 through 2016.

The report forecasts the market size or output of polyolefins such as PP and PEs. PEs includes HDPE, LDPE and LLDPE. The forecasts are classified on the basis of product type, technology type, application, catalyst types and geographical region.

The report also describes the raw materials supplies and important players in the polyolefin industry.

INTENDED AUDIENCE

The intended audience of this report includes polyolefins (PE and PP) manufacturers and suppliers. Olefins (ethylene and propylene) producers, polyolefin catalysts producers, oil companies and petrochemicals (e.g., naphtha, hexane, propane and butane) suppliers may be interested in this report too.

METHODOLOGY

Estimates of current market demand are made for 2010 and are projected over the next five years. Projections are made in terms of constant U.S. dollars (2010). Growth is presented in terms of a compound average annual growth rate (CAGR). Prices are measured at the manufacturer level. Resin price levels of late 2010 to mid-2011 are used to determine the market value, unless specified otherwise. But factors that influence the price levels will be discussed.

INFORMATION SOURCES

Information sources for this report include experts, executives, professors and officials in polyolefin companies, olefin companies, petrochemical companies, industrial associations, universities and governmental departments. They include Sinopec, Sabic (Saudi Basic Industry Corporation), Dow, Chevron, Phillips Chemicals, China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC), ExxonMobil, Hanwha Chemical Corporation, Reliance Industries, Sabic, Tsinghua University, the Ministry of Commerce of China, and the National Bureau of Statistics of China.

Information sources for the study also include online research, patent literature, technical journals, trade magazines, governmental data and conference papers from China, Japan, Korea and the United States.

ANALYST CREDENTIALS

Jason Chen has been an analyst and consultant for the composite, fiber, textile and energy industries for a decade. He is or was a regular writer or contributing editor for Composites Manufacturing (American Composites Manufacturers Association), International Fiber Journal, Filtration News, Platts Emission Daily, Vision Systems Design, Pesticide and Toxic Chemical News, and MobileTex. He has authored the books, "Asian Automotive Textiles: Opportunities and Challenges for Leading Producers," "China Technical Textiles: Key Producers and Market Trends to 2015," and "China's Chemical Fiber Producers." He is also the author of the BCC market research report, Tire Reinforcement Materials: Technologies and Global Markets (report code: AVM077A).

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 1

REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY 1

SCOPE OF REPORT 2

INTENDED AUDIENCE 2

METHODOLOGY 2

INFORMATION SOURCES 2

ANALYST CREDENTIALS 2

RELATED REPORTS 3

BCC ONLINE SERVICES 3

DISCLAIMER 3

CHAPTER 2 SUMMARY 5

SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL SIZE FOR POLYOLEFIN MARKET, BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2016

($ BILLIONS) 5

SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL SIZE FOR POLYOLEFIN MARKET, BY SEGMENT, 2010-2016 ($

BILLIONS) 5

LARGEST AND FASTEST-GROWING MARKETS 6

LARGEST POLYOLEFIN MARKETS 6

FASTEST-GROWING POLYOLEFIN MARKETS 6

SIGNIFICANT TRENDS 7

CHAPTER 3 OVERVIEW 9

DEFINITION OF THE INDUSTRY 9

FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS 9

INTERNATIONAL TARGETS AND REGULATIONS 10

CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSION REDUCTION 10

GLOBAL TARIFFS 10

CHINA'S 12TH FIVE YEAR PLAN FOR OLEFINS 11

REACH 11

CHAPTER 4 GLOBAL POLYOLEFIN MARKET BY PRODUCTS 13

TABLE 1 GLOBAL SIZE OF POLYOLEFIN MARKET BY PRODUCT, THROUGH 2016 ($ BILLIONS) 13

MARKET IN VOLUME TERMS AND AVERAGE PRICES 14

TABLE 2 GLOBAL SIZE OF POLYOLEFIN MARKET BY PRODUCT, IN VOLUME TERMS,

THROUGH 2016 (MILLION METRIC TONS) 14

GLOBAL MARKET FOR LDPE RESINS 15

HISTORY 15

GROWTH DRIVERS AND INHIBITORS 16

Growth Drivers 16

Growth Inhibitors 16

GLOBAL LDPE MARKET BY APPLICATION 17

TABLE 3 GLOBAL SIZE OF LDPE MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2016 ($ BILLIONS) 17

Film-Grade LDPE Resins 18

Coating-Grade LDPE Resins 18

Injection Molding-Grade LDPE Resins 19

Wire- and Cable-Grade LDPE Resins 19

Blow-Molding-Grade LDPE Resins 19

LDPE Resins for Other Applications 20

GLOBAL LDPE MARKET BY REGION 20

TABLE 4 GLOBAL SIZE OF LDPE MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2016 ($ BILLIONS) 20

GLOBAL LLDPE RESIN MARKET 21

HISTORY 22

GROWTH DRIVERS AND INHIBITORS 22

Growth Drivers 22

Growth Inhibitors 22

GLOBAL LLDPE MARKET BY APPLICATION 22

TABLE 5 GLOBAL SIZE OF LLDPE MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2016 ($ BILLIONS) 23

Film-Grade LLDPE Resins 23

Injection Molding LLDPE Resins 23

Rotational Molding LLDPE Resins 24

Wire- and Cable-Grade LLDPE Resins 24

Other Applications for LLDPE Resins 24

GLOBAL LLDPE MARKET BY REGION 24

TABLE 6 GLOBAL SIZE OF LLDPE MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2016 ($ BILLIONS) 24

GLOBAL HDPE RESINS MARKET 26

HISTORY 26

GROWTH DRIVERS AND INHIBITORS 26

Growth Drivers 26

Growth Inhibitors 26

GLOBAL HDPE MARKET BY APPLICATION 27

TABLE 7 GLOBAL SIZE OF HDPE MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2016 ($ BILLIONS) 27

Blow Molding HDPE Resins 27

Injection Molding HDPE Resins 28

Film-Grade HDPE Resins 28

Panel and Pipe-Grade HDPE Resins 28

Fiber-Grade HDPE Resins 28

Wire- and Cable-Grade HDPE Resins 29

HDPE Resins for Other Applications 29

GLOBAL HDPE MARKET BY REGION 29

TABLE 8 GLOBAL SIZE OF HDPE MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2016 ($ BILLIONS) 30

GLOBAL PP MARKET 31

HISTORY 31

GROWTH DRIVERS AND INHIBITORS 31

Growth Drivers 31

Growth Inhibitors 31

GLOBAL PP MARKET BY APPLICATION 32

TABLE 9 GLOBAL SIZE OF PP MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2016 ($ BILLIONS) 32

Injection Molding PP Resins 32

Fiber-Grade PP Resins 33

Film-Grade PP Resins 33

Extrusion PP Resins 33

Blow Molding PP Resins 33

PP Resins for Other Applications 33

GLOBAL PP MARKET BY REGION 34

TABLE 10 GLOBAL SIZE OF PP MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2016 ($ BILLIONS) 34

CHAPTER 5 GLOBAL POLYOLEFIN MARKET BY APPLICATION 37

TABLE 11 GLOBAL SIZE OF POLYOLEFIN MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2016 ($

BILLIONS) 37

FILM-GRADE POLYOLEFIN RESINS 37

INJECTION MOLDING POLYOLEFIN RESINS 38

FIBER-GRADE POLYOLEFIN RESIN 38

POLYOLEFIN RESINS FOR OTHER APPLICATIONS 38

CHAPTER 6 POLYOLEFIN MARKET BY TECHNOLOGIES 40

TABLE 12 GLOBAL SIZE OF POLYOLEFIN MARKET BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, THROUGH 2016

($ BILLIONS) 40

GAS PHASE PROCESS 40

TABLE 13 GLOBAL SIZE OF POLYOLEFIN GAS PHASE PROCESS BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH

2016 ($ BILLIONS) 41

TABLE 14 MAIN PE MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGIES, BY CAPACITY IN 2010 (MILLION

METRIC TONS, %) 42

UNIPOL PE 42

INNOVENE G 42

SPHERILENE 43

BORSTAR 43

LIQUID PROCESS 43

TABLE 15 GLOBAL SIZE OF POLYOLEFIN LIQUID PROCESS BY SPECIFIC TECHNOLOGY,

THROUGH 2016 ($ BILLIONS) 44

TABLE 16 MAIN PE MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY, BY CAPACITY, IN 2010 (MILLION

METRIC TONS, %) 44

SLURRY PHASE PROCESS 45

Phillips Loop Slurry Process 45

Mitsui CX Process 45

Innovene S 45

Hostalen ACP 45

SOLUTION PROCESS 46

Sclairtech 46

BULK PROCESS 46

TABLE 17 GLOBAL SIZE OF BULK PHASE PROCESS FOR POLYOLEFINS BY TECHNOLOGY,

THROUGH 2016 ($ BILLIONS) 46

TABLE 18 MAIN PP MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGIES, BY CAPACITY, IN 2010 (MILLION

METRIC TONS, %) 47

SPHERIPOL PP PROCESS 47

UNIPOL PP 47

INNOVENE PP 47

NOVOLEN GAS PHASE PP PROCESS 47

HIGH-PRESSURE PROCESS 48

TABLE 19 GLOBAL SIZE OF POLYOLEFIN HIGH-PRESSURE PROCESS BY SPECIFIC

TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2016 ($ BILLIONS) 48

TABLE 20 MAIN PE MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGIES, BY CAPACITY IN 2010 (MILLION

METRIC TONS, %) 49

EXXONMOBIL CHEMICAL HIGH-PRESSURE AUTOCLAVE AND TUBULAR REACTOR

PROCESS 49

LUPOTECH PE PROCESS 49

POLIMERI EUROPA HIGH-PRESSURE AUTOCLAVE AND TUBULAR REACTOR

PROCESS 50

SIGNIFICANT TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT 50

TABLE 21 SIGNIFICANT TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT IN MANUFACTURING

TECHNOLOGIES (SINCE 1960S) 50

U.S. PATENT ANALYSIS 51

PATENTS BY COMPANY 51

TABLE 22 POLYOLEFIN PATENT NUMBERS, BY COMPANY (2006-2011) 51

PATENTS BY YEAR 52

TABLE 23 POLYOLEFIN PATENT NUMBERS BY YEAR, 2006–2011 (NUMBER OF PATENTS) 52

PATENTS BY MAJOR COUNTRY 52

TABLE 24 POLYOLEFIN PATENT NUMBERS BY COUNTRY, 2006–2011 (NUMBER OF PATENTS) 52

CHAPTER 7 POLYOLEFIN MARKET BY CATALYST 54

TABLE 25 GLOBAL SIZE OF POLYOLEFIN MARKET BY CATALYST, THROUGH 2016 ($

BILLIONS) 54

GLOBAL POLYOLEFINS MARKET BY CATALYST SEGMENT 55

MGCL2/TICL4 POLYOLEFINS MARKET BY SEGMENT 55

TABLE 26 GLOBAL SIZE OF MGCL2/TICL4 POLYOLEFIN MARKET BY SEGMENT, THROUGH

2016 ($ BILLIONS) 55

METALLOCENE POLYOLEFINS MARKET BY SEGMENT 56

TABLE 27 GLOBAL SIZE OF METALLOCENE POLYOLEFIN MARKET BY SEGMENT, THROUGH

2016 ($ BILLIONS) 56

POLYOLEFINS MADE WITH CHROMIUM CATALYSTS 56

CHAPTER 8 INDUSTRY STRUCTURE AND COMPETITIVE ANALYSIS BY PRODUCT 58

GLOBAL POLYOLEFIN INDUSTRY BY PRODUCT 58

GLOBAL POLYOLEFIN CAPACITY BY PRODUCT 58

TABLE 28 GLOBAL POLYOLEFIN CAPACITIES, BY PRODUCT, THROUGH 2016 (MILLION

METRIC TONS) 58

GLOBAL POLYOLEFIN OUTPUT BY PRODUCT 59

TABLE 29 GLOBAL POLYOLEFIN OUTPUT BY PRODUCT, THROUGH 2016 (MILLION METRIC

TONS) 59

GLOBAL POLYOLEFIN OPERATING RATES BY PRODUCT 59

TABLE 30 GLOBAL POLYOLEFIN OPERATING RATES BY PRODUCT, 2010-2016 (%) 60

INDUSTRY STRUCTURE AND COMPETITIVENESS 60

MARKET PLAYERS 61

STRATEGIES FOR STAYING COMPETITIVE AND SUCCESSFUL 61

NEW ENTRANTS 62

INDUSTRY LEADERS 62

Industry Leaders of LDPE Resins 62

TABLE 31 LEADING GLOBAL LDPE PRODUCERS, BY CAPACITY, IN 2010 (MILLION METRIC

TONS) 63

Industry Leaders of LLDPE Resins 64

TABLE 32 LEADING GLOBAL LLDPE PRODUCERS, BY CAPACITY, IN 2010 (MILLION METRIC

TONS) 64

Industry Leaders of HDPE Resins 65

TABLE 33 LEADING GLOBAL HDPE PRODUCERS, BY CAPACITY, IN 2010 (MILLION METRIC

TONS) 65

Industry Leaders of PP Resins 66

TABLE 34 LEADING GLOBAL PP PRODUCERS, BY CAPACITY, IN 2010 (MILLION METRIC

TONS) 66

MANUFACTURING COSTS AND PROCESS ECONOMICS 67

TABLE 35 MANUFACTURING COSTS OF PE AND PP RESINS ($/METRIC TON) 67

RAW MATERIALS MANUFACTURE AND SUPPLIES 68

RAW MATERIALS SUPPLIES AND COST 68

IMPACT OF RAW MATERIAL PRICE 69

IMPACT OF TARIFFS AND TAXES 69

ETHYLENE SUPPLIES 69

Ethylene Capacity 69

TABLE 36 GLOBAL ETHYLENE CAPACITY BY REGION, 2010 (MILLION METRIC TONS, %) 70

Ethylene Producers 70

TABLE 37 GLOBAL ETHYLENE PRODUCERS, BY CAPACITY, IN 2010 (MILLION METRIC TONS) 70

PROPYLENE SUPPLIES 71

TABLE 38 GLOBAL PROPYLENE CAPACITY BY REGION, 2010 (MILLION METRIC TONS, %) 72

NATURAL GAS AND NAPHTHA SUPPLIES 72

CHAPTER 9 POLYOLEFIN INDUSTRY AND TRADE BY REGION 74

GLOBAL POLYOLEFIN CAPACITY BY REGION 74

TABLE 39 GLOBAL POLYOLEFIN CAPACITY BY REGION, THROUGH 2016 (MILLION METRIC

TONS) 74

GLOBAL LDPE CAPACITY BY REGION 75

TABLE 40 GLOBAL LDPE CAPACITY BY REGION, THROUGH 2016 (MILLION METRIC TONS) 75

GLOBAL LLDPE CAPACITY BY REGION 75

TABLE 41 GLOBAL LLDPE CAPACITY BY REGION, THROUGH 2016 (MILLION METRIC TONS) 76

GLOBAL HDPE CAPACITY BY REGION 76

TABLE 42 GLOBAL HDPE CAPACITY BY REGION, THROUGH 2016 (MILLION METRIC TONS) 76

GLOBAL PP CAPACITY BY REGION 77

TABLE 43 GLOBAL PP CAPACITY BY REGION, THROUGH 2016 (MILLION METRIC TONS) 77

GLOBAL POLYOLEFIN OUTPUT BY REGION 77

TABLE 44 GLOBAL POLYOLEFIN OUTPUT BY REGION, THROUGH 2016 (MILLION METRIC

TONS) 78

GLOBAL LDPE OUTPUT BY REGION 78

TABLE 45 GLOBAL LDPE OUTPUT BY REGION, THROUGH 2016 (MILLION METRIC TONS) 78

GLOBAL LLDPE OUTPUT BY REGION 79

TABLE 46 GLOBAL LLDPE OUTPUT BY REGION, THROUGH 2016 (MILLION METRIC TONS) 79

GLOBAL HDPE OUTPUT BY REGION 79

TABLE 47 GLOBAL HDPE OUTPUT BY REGION, THROUGH 2016 (MILLION METRIC TONS) 80

GLOBAL PP OUTPUT BY REGION 80

TABLE 48 GLOBAL PP OUTPUT BY REGION, THROUGH 2016 (MILLION METRIC TONS) 80

GLOBAL POLYOLEFIN TRADE BY REGION 81

TABLE 49 GLOBAL POLYOLEFIN NET IMPORTS BY REGION, 2010-2016 ($ MILLIONS) 81

GLOBAL LDPE TRADE BY REGION 82

TABLE 50 GLOBAL LDPE NET IMPORTS BY REGION, 2010-2016 ($ MILLIONS) 82

GLOBAL LLDPE TRADE BY REGION 82

TABLE 51 GLOBAL LLDPE NET IMPORTS BY REGION, 2010-2016 ($ MILLIONS) 83

GLOBAL HDPE TRADE BY REGION 83

TABLE 52 GLOBAL HDPE NET IMPORTS BY REGION, 2010-2016 ($ MILLIONS) 83

GLOBAL PP TRADE BY REGION 84

TABLE 53 GLOBAL PP NET IMPORTS BY REGION, 2010-2016 ($ MILLIONS) 84

CHAPTER 10 CHINESE POLYOLEFIN MARKET AND INDUSTRY 86

SUMMARY OF CHINESE POLYOLEFIN MARKET 86

TABLE 54 CHINESE POLYOLEFIN MARKET SIZE BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2016 ($ BILLIONS) 86

FIGURE 1 NORTH AMERICAN POLYOLEFIN MARKET BY SEGMENT, 2010-2016 ($ BILLIONS) 86

GROWTH DRIVERS AND INHIBITORS 88

GROWTH DRIVERS 88

GROWTH INHIBITORS 88

CHINESE POLYOLEFIN MARKET BY PRODUCT 89

TABLE 55 CHINESE SIZE OF POLYOLEFIN MARKET BY PRODUCT, THROUGH 2016 ($

BILLIONS) 89

CHINESE LDPE MARKET 89

TABLE 56 CHINESE SIZE OF LDPE MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2016 ($ BILLIONS) 90

Chinese Film-Grade LDPE Resins 90

Chinese Coating LDPE Resins 90

Chinese Injection Molding LDPE Resins 91

Chinese Wire and Cable-Grade LDPE Resins 91

Chinese Blow Molding LDPE Resins 91

Chinese LDPE Resins for Other Applications 91

CHINESE LLDPE MARKET 91

TABLE 57 CHINESE SIZE OF LLDPE MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2016 ($ BILLIONS) 92

Chinese Film-Grade LLDPE Resins 92

Chinese Injection Molding LLDPE Resins 92

Chinese Rotational Molding LLDPE Resins 92

Chinese Wire- and Cable-Grade LLDPE Resins 93

Chinese LLDPE Resins for Other Applications 93

CHINESE HDPE MARKET 93

TABLE 58 CHINESE SIZE OF HDPE MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2016 ($ BILLIONS) 93

Chinese Blow Molding HDPE Resins 94

Chinese Injection Molding HDPE Resins 94

Chinese Film-Grade HDPE Resins 94

Chinese Panel and Pipe-Grade HDPE Resins 94

Chinese Fiber-Grade HDPE Resins 94

Chinese Wire and Cable-Grade HDPE Resins 95

Chinese HDPE Resins for Other Applications 95

CHINESE PP MARKET 95

TABLE 59 CHINESE SIZE OF PP MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2016 ($ BILLIONS) 95

Chinese Injection Molding PP Resins 96

Chinese Fiber-Grade PP Resins 96

Chinese Film-Grade PP Resins 96

Chinese Extrusion PP Resins 96

Chinese Blow Molding PP Resins 96

Chinese PP Resins for Other Applications 97

CHINESE POLYOLEFIN INDUSTRY 97

CHINESE POLYOLEFIN CAPACITY 97

TABLE 60 CHINESE CAPACITY OF POLYOLEFIN BY PRODUCT, THROUGH 2016 (MILLION

METRIC TONS) 97

CHINESE POLYOLEFIN OUTPUT 98

TABLE 61 CHINESE OUTPUT OF POLYOLEFIN BY PRODUCT, THROUGH 2016 (MILLION

METRIC TONS) 98

CHINESE POLYOLEFIN TRADE BY PRODUCT 98

TABLE 62 CHINESE POLYOLEFIN NET IMPORTS BY PRODUCT, 2010-2016 ($ MILLIONS) 99

CHAPTER 11 COMPANY PROFILES 101

TABLE 63 MARKET SHARE OF COMPANIES INVOLVED IN POLYOLEFINS PRODUCTION, 2010

($ BILLIONS, %) 101

BOREALIS AG 101

BRASKEM 102

CHEVRON PHILLIPS CHEMICALS COMPANY 103

CHINA NATIONAL PETROLEUM CORPORATION (CNPC) 103

DOW CHEMICAL COMPANY (THE) 104

EXXONMOBIL CHEMICAL COMPANY 104

FORMOSA PLASTICS GROUP 105

HANWHA CHEMICAL CORPORATION 106

INEOS OLEFINS & POLYMERS USA 106

JAPAN POLYCHEM CORPORATION 107

LUMMUS NOVOLEN TECHNOLOGY GMBH 108

LYONDELLBASELL INDUSTRIES 108

MITSUI CHEMICALS INC. 109

NOVA CHEMICALS CORPORATION 110

POLIMERI EUROPA S.P.A. 110

RELIANCE INDUSTRIES LIMITED (RIL) 111

SINOPEC GROUP 111

SUMITOMO CHEMICAL CO. LTD. 112

TOTAL S.A. 113

WESTLAKE CHEMICAL CORPORATION 113

CHAPTER 12 APPENDIX I: COMPANIES 115

TABLE 64 COMPANY ADDRESS AND PRODUCTS 115

CHAPTER 13 APPENDIX II: PATENTS 117

POLYMER BLENDS 117

BIMODAL POLYETHYLENE FILM 117

POLYETHYLENE PIPE RESINS 117

ROTOMOULDING POLYETHYLENE AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING SAID

ROTOMOULDING POLYETHYLENE 117

PRODUCTION OF BROAD MOLECULAR WEIGHT POLYETHYLENE 117

BLOW MOLDING POLYETHYLENE RESINS 117

SINGLE CATALYST LOW, MEDIUM, AND HIGH DENSITY POLYETHYLENES 118

LOW COMONOMER INCORPORATING METALLOCENE CATALYST COMPOUNDS 118

PROPYLENE POLYMERS 118

POLYETHYLENE BLOW MOLDING COMPOSITION FOR PRODUCING SMALL CONTAINERS 118

POLYOLEFIN COMPOSITION WITH IMPROVED ABRASION RESISTANCE 118

POLYETHYLENE COMPOSITION FOR INJECTION MOLDED CAPS AND CLOSURE

ARTICLES 118

TRANSPARENT POLYPROPYLENE COMPOSITION 119

CROSSLINKABLE HIGH-PRESSURE POLYETHYLENE COMPOSITION, A PROCESS FOR THE

PREPARATION THEREOF, A PIPE AND A CABLE PREPARED THEREOF 119

PROCESS FOR PRODUCING A POLYETHYLENE COATING ON A SUBSTRATE 119

HDPE RESINS FOR USE IN PRESSURE PIPE AND RELATED APPLICATIONS 119

ULTRAHIGH MOLECULAR WEIGHT POLYETHYLENE FRACTIONS HAVING NARROW

MOLECULAR WEIGHT DISTRIBUTIONS AND METHODS OF MAKING AND USING THE

SAME

119

MULTIMODAL POLYETHYLENE COMPOSITIONS AND PIPE MADE FROM SAME 119

POLYPROPYLENE COMPOSITE FILM COMPRISING A METALLOCENE-CATALYZED

PROPYLENE/1-BUTENE RANDOM COPOLYMER 119

AUTOMOBILE PART OF POLYPROPYLENE RESIN COMPOSITION 120

CLOSURES FOR BOTTLES 120

HETEROGENEOUS/HOMOGENEOUS COPOLYMER 120

METHOD FOR MAKING PROPYLENE IMPACT COPOLYMERS WITH BALANCED IMPACT

STRENGTH AND STIFFNESS 120

PROPYLENE-BASED BLOWN FILMS WITH IMPROVED PERFORMANCE, STABILITY, AND

ELASTIC PROPERTIES COMPARED TO POLYETHYLENE FILMS 120

ENHANCED ESCR OF HDPE RESINS 120

TRANSPARENT POLYOLEFIN COMPOSITIONS 121

HEAVY METAL DEACTIVATOR/INHIBITOR FOR USE IN OLEFINIC POLYMERS 121

THERMOPLASTIC OLEFIN POLYMER BLEND AND ADHESIVE FILMS MADE THEREFROM 121

CATALYST SYSTEM FOR POLYMERIZATION OF OLEFINS 121

SUPERTRANSPARENT HIGH IMPACT STRENGTH RANDOM BLOCK COPOLYMER 121

ZIEGLER-NATTA CATALYST, PREPARATION, AND USE FOR THE POLYMERIZATION OF

ALKENES 121

ELECTRICAL WIRE AND METHOD OF MAKING AN ELECTRICAL WIRE 122

ADHESION OF POLYETHYLENE ON POLYPROPYLENE 122

PARTIALLY HYDROLYZED CHLOROSULFONATED POLYOLEFIN ELASTOMERS 122

EXTENSIBLE SPUNBONDED NONWOVEN FABRICS 122

POLYPROPYLENE RESIN COMPOSITION AND INJECTION MOLDED ARTICLE MADE FROM

THE SAME 122

CHAPTER 14 APPENDIX III: REGULATIONS AND TARGETS 124

CHAPTER 15 APPENDIX IV: GLOSSARY 126

CHAPTER 16 APPENDIX V: BIBLIOGRAPHY 130

LIST OF TABLES

SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL SIZE FOR POLYOLEFIN MARKET, BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2016 ($

BILLIONS) 5

TABLE 1 GLOBAL SIZE OF POLYOLEFIN MARKET BY PRODUCT, THROUGH 2016 ($ BILLIONS) 13

TABLE 2 GLOBAL SIZE OF POLYOLEFIN MARKET BY PRODUCT, IN VOLUME TERMS,

THROUGH 2016 (MILLION METRIC TONS) 14

TABLE 3 GLOBAL SIZE OF LDPE MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2016 ($ BILLIONS) 17

TABLE 4 GLOBAL SIZE OF LDPE MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2016 ($ BILLIONS) 20

TABLE 5 GLOBAL SIZE OF LLDPE MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2016 ($ BILLIONS) 23

TABLE 6 GLOBAL SIZE OF LLDPE MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2016 ($ BILLIONS) 24

TABLE 7 GLOBAL SIZE OF HDPE MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2016 ($ BILLIONS) 27

TABLE 8 GLOBAL SIZE OF HDPE MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2016 ($ BILLIONS) 30

TABLE 9 GLOBAL SIZE OF PP MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2016 ($ BILLIONS) 32

TABLE 10 GLOBAL SIZE OF PP MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2016 ($ BILLIONS) 34

TABLE 11 GLOBAL SIZE OF POLYOLEFIN MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2016 ($

BILLIONS) 37

TABLE 12 GLOBAL SIZE OF POLYOLEFIN MARKET BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, THROUGH 2016 ($

BILLIONS) 40

TABLE 13 GLOBAL SIZE OF POLYOLEFIN GAS PHASE PROCESS BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH

2016 ($ BILLIONS) 41

TABLE 14 MAIN PE MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGIES, BY CAPACITY IN 2010 (MILLION

METRIC TONS, %) 42

TABLE 15 GLOBAL SIZE OF POLYOLEFIN LIQUID PROCESS BY SPECIFIC TECHNOLOGY,

THROUGH 2016 ($ BILLIONS) 44

TABLE 16 MAIN PE MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY, BY CAPACITY, IN 2010 (MILLION

METRIC TONS, %) 44

TABLE 17 GLOBAL SIZE OF BULK PHASE PROCESS FOR POLYOLEFINS BY TECHNOLOGY,

THROUGH 2016 ($ BILLIONS) 46

TABLE 18 MAIN PP MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGIES, BY CAPACITY, IN 2010 (MILLION

METRIC TONS, %) 47

TABLE 19 GLOBAL SIZE OF POLYOLEFIN HIGH-PRESSURE PROCESS BY SPECIFIC

TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2016 ($ BILLIONS) 48

TABLE 20 MAIN PE MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGIES, BY CAPACITY IN 2010 (MILLION

METRIC TONS, %) 49

TABLE 21 SIGNIFICANT TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT IN MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGIES

(SINCE 1960S) 50

TABLE 22 POLYOLEFIN PATENT NUMBERS, BY COMPANY (2006-2011) 51

TABLE 23 POLYOLEFIN PATENT NUMBERS BY YEAR, 2006–2011 (NUMBER OF PATENTS) 52

TABLE 24 POLYOLEFIN PATENT NUMBERS BY COUNTRY, 2006–2011 (NUMBER OF PATENTS) 52

TABLE 25 GLOBAL SIZE OF POLYOLEFIN MARKET BY CATALYST, THROUGH 2016 ($ BILLIONS) 54

TABLE 26 GLOBAL SIZE OF MGCL2/TICL4 POLYOLEFIN MARKET BY SEGMENT, THROUGH

2016 ($ BILLIONS) 55

TABLE 27 GLOBAL SIZE OF METALLOCENE POLYOLEFIN MARKET BY SEGMENT, THROUGH

2016 ($ BILLIONS) 56

TABLE 28 GLOBAL POLYOLEFIN CAPACITIES, BY PRODUCT, THROUGH 2016 (MILLION

METRIC TONS) 58

TABLE 29 GLOBAL POLYOLEFIN OUTPUT BY PRODUCT, THROUGH 2016 (MILLION METRIC

TONS) 59

TABLE 30 GLOBAL POLYOLEFIN OPERATING RATES BY PRODUCT, 2010-2016 (%) 60

TABLE 31 LEADING GLOBAL LDPE PRODUCERS, BY CAPACITY, IN 2010 (MILLION METRIC

TONS) 63

TABLE 32 LEADING GLOBAL LLDPE PRODUCERS, BY CAPACITY, IN 2010 (MILLION METRIC

TONS) 64

TABLE 33 LEADING GLOBAL HDPE PRODUCERS, BY CAPACITY, IN 2010 (MILLION METRIC

TONS) 65

TABLE 34 LEADING GLOBAL PP PRODUCERS, BY CAPACITY, IN 2010 (MILLION METRIC TONS) 66

TABLE 35 MANUFACTURING COSTS OF PE AND PP RESINS ($/METRIC TON) 67

TABLE 36 GLOBAL ETHYLENE CAPACITY BY REGION, 2010 (MILLION METRIC TONS, %) 70

TABLE 37 GLOBAL ETHYLENE PRODUCERS, BY CAPACITY, IN 2010 (MILLION METRIC TONS) 70

TABLE 38 GLOBAL PROPYLENE CAPACITY BY REGION, 2010 (MILLION METRIC TONS, %) 72

TABLE 39 GLOBAL POLYOLEFIN CAPACITY BY REGION, THROUGH 2016 (MILLION METRIC

TONS) 74

TABLE 40 GLOBAL LDPE CAPACITY BY REGION, THROUGH 2016 (MILLION METRIC TONS) 75

TABLE 41 GLOBAL LLDPE CAPACITY BY REGION, THROUGH 2016 (MILLION METRIC TONS) 76

TABLE 42 GLOBAL HDPE CAPACITY BY REGION, THROUGH 2016 (MILLION METRIC TONS) 76

TABLE 43 GLOBAL PP CAPACITY BY REGION, THROUGH 2016 (MILLION METRIC TONS) 77

TABLE 44 GLOBAL POLYOLEFIN OUTPUT BY REGION, THROUGH 2016 (MILLION METRIC

TONS) 78

TABLE 45 GLOBAL LDPE OUTPUT BY REGION, THROUGH 2016 (MILLION METRIC TONS) 78

TABLE 46 GLOBAL LLDPE OUTPUT BY REGION, THROUGH 2016 (MILLION METRIC TONS) 79

TABLE 47 GLOBAL HDPE OUTPUT BY REGION, THROUGH 2016 (MILLION METRIC TONS) 80

TABLE 48 GLOBAL PP OUTPUT BY REGION, THROUGH 2016 (MILLION METRIC TONS) 80

TABLE 49 GLOBAL POLYOLEFIN NET IMPORTS BY REGION, 2010-2016 ($ MILLIONS) 81

TABLE 50 GLOBAL LDPE NET IMPORTS BY REGION, 2010-2016 ($ MILLIONS) 82

TABLE 51 GLOBAL LLDPE NET IMPORTS BY REGION, 2010-2016 ($ MILLIONS) 83

TABLE 52 GLOBAL HDPE NET IMPORTS BY REGION, 2010-2016 ($ MILLIONS) 83

TABLE 53 GLOBAL PP NET IMPORTS BY REGION, 2010-2016 ($ MILLIONS) 84

TABLE 54 CHINESE POLYOLEFIN MARKET SIZE BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2016 ($ BILLIONS) 86

TABLE 55 CHINESE SIZE OF POLYOLEFIN MARKET BY PRODUCT, THROUGH 2016 ($

BILLIONS) 89

TABLE 56 CHINESE SIZE OF LDPE MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2016 ($ BILLIONS) 90

TABLE 57 CHINESE SIZE OF LLDPE MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2016 ($ BILLIONS) 92

TABLE 58 CHINESE SIZE OF HDPE MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2016 ($ BILLIONS) 93

TABLE 59 CHINESE SIZE OF PP MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2016 ($ BILLIONS) 95

TABLE 60 CHINESE CAPACITY OF POLYOLEFIN BY PRODUCT, THROUGH 2016 (MILLION

METRIC TONS) 97

TABLE 61 CHINESE OUTPUT OF POLYOLEFIN BY PRODUCT, THROUGH 2016 (MILLION

METRIC TONS) 98

TABLE 62 CHINESE POLYOLEFIN NET IMPORTS BY PRODUCT, 2010-2016 ($ MILLIONS) 99

TABLE 63 MARKET SHARE OF COMPANIES INVOLVED IN POLYOLEFINS PRODUCTION, 2010

($ BILLIONS, %) 101

TABLE 64 COMPANY ADDRESS AND PRODUCTS 115

LIST OF FIGURES

SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL SIZE FOR POLYOLEFIN MARKET, BY SEGMENT, 2010-2016 ($

BILLIONS) 5

FIGURE 1 NORTH AMERICAN POLYOLEFIN MARKET BY SEGMENT, 2010-2016 ($ BILLIONS) 86

To order this report:

Petrochemical Industry: Global Markets for Polyolefin Resins -- Focus on China

Contact Nicolas: [email protected]
US: (805)-652-2626
Intl: +1 805-652-2626

SOURCE Reportlinker

More Stories By PR Newswire

Copyright © 2007 PR Newswire. All rights reserved. Republication or redistribution of PRNewswire content is expressly prohibited without the prior written consent of PRNewswire. PRNewswire shall not be liable for any errors or delays in the content, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon.

@ThingsExpo Stories
Software AG helps organizations transform into Digital Enterprises, so they can differentiate from competitors and better engage customers, partners and employees. Using the Software AG Suite, companies can close the gap between business and IT to create digital systems of differentiation that drive front-line agility. We offer four on-ramps to the Digital Enterprise: alignment through collaborative process analysis; transformation through portfolio management; agility through process automation and integration; and visibility through intelligent business operations and big data.
There will be 50 billion Internet connected devices by 2020. Today, every manufacturer has a propriety protocol and an app. How do we securely integrate these "things" into our lives and businesses in a way that we can easily control and manage? Even better, how do we integrate these "things" so that they control and manage each other so our lives become more convenient or our businesses become more profitable and/or safe? We have heard that the best interface is no interface. In his session at Internet of @ThingsExpo, Chris Matthieu, Co-Founder & CTO at Octoblu, Inc., will discuss how these devices generate enough data to learn our behaviors and simplify/improve our lives. What if we could connect everything to everything? I'm not only talking about connecting things to things but also systems, cloud services, and people. Add in a little machine learning and artificial intelligence and now we have something interesting...
Last week, while in San Francisco, I used the Uber app and service four times. All four experiences were great, although one of the drivers stopped for 30 seconds and then left as I was walking up to the car. He must have realized I was a blogger. None the less, the next car was just a minute away and I suffered no pain. In this article, my colleague, Ved Sen, Global Head, Advisory Services Social, Mobile and Sensors at Cognizant shares his experiences and insights.
We are reaching the end of the beginning with WebRTC and real systems using this technology have begun to appear. One challenge that faces every WebRTC deployment (in some form or another) is identity management. For example, if you have an existing service – possibly built on a variety of different PaaS/SaaS offerings – and you want to add real-time communications you are faced with a challenge relating to user management, authentication, authorization, and validation. Service providers will want to use their existing identities, but these will have credentials already that are (hopefully) irreversibly encoded. In his session at Internet of @ThingsExpo, Peter Dunkley, Technical Director at Acision, will look at how this identity problem can be solved and discuss ways to use existing web identities for real-time communication.
Can call centers hang up the phones for good? Intuitive Solutions did. WebRTC enabled this contact center provider to eliminate antiquated telephony and desktop phone infrastructure with a pure web-based solution, allowing them to expand beyond brick-and-mortar confines to a home-based agent model. It also ensured scalability and better service for customers, including MUY! Companies, one of the country's largest franchise restaurant companies with 232 Pizza Hut locations. This is one example of WebRTC adoption today, but the potential is limitless when powered by IoT. Attendees will learn real-world benefits of WebRTC and explore future possibilities, as WebRTC and IoT intersect to improve customer service.
From telemedicine to smart cars, digital homes and industrial monitoring, the explosive growth of IoT has created exciting new business opportunities for real time calls and messaging. In his session at Internet of @ThingsExpo, Ivelin Ivanov, CEO and Co-Founder of Telestax, will share some of the new revenue sources that IoT created for Restcomm – the open source telephony platform from Telestax. Ivelin Ivanov is a technology entrepreneur who founded Mobicents, an Open Source VoIP Platform, to help create, deploy, and manage applications integrating voice, video and data. He is the co-founder of TeleStax, an Open Source Cloud Communications company that helps the shift from legacy IN/SS7 telco networks to IP-based cloud comms. An early investor in multiple start-ups, he still finds time to code for his companies and contribute to open source projects.
The Internet of Things (IoT) promises to create new business models as significant as those that were inspired by the Internet and the smartphone 20 and 10 years ago. What business, social and practical implications will this phenomenon bring? That's the subject of "Monetizing the Internet of Things: Perspectives from the Front Lines," an e-book released today and available free of charge from Aria Systems, the leading innovator in recurring revenue management.
The Internet of Things will put IT to its ultimate test by creating infinite new opportunities to digitize products and services, generate and analyze new data to improve customer satisfaction, and discover new ways to gain a competitive advantage across nearly every industry. In order to help corporate business units to capitalize on the rapidly evolving IoT opportunities, IT must stand up to a new set of challenges.
There’s Big Data, then there’s really Big Data from the Internet of Things. IoT is evolving to include many data possibilities like new types of event, log and network data. The volumes are enormous, generating tens of billions of logs per day, which raise data challenges. Early IoT deployments are relying heavily on both the cloud and managed service providers to navigate these challenges. In her session at 6th Big Data Expo®, Hannah Smalltree, Director at Treasure Data, to discuss how IoT, Big Data and deployments are processing massive data volumes from wearables, utilities and other machines.
All major researchers estimate there will be tens of billions devices – computers, smartphones, tablets, and sensors – connected to the Internet by 2020. This number will continue to grow at a rapid pace for the next several decades. With major technology companies and startups seriously embracing IoT strategies, now is the perfect time to attend @ThingsExpo in Silicon Valley. Learn what is going on, contribute to the discussions, and ensure that your enterprise is as "IoT-Ready" as it can be!
P2P RTC will impact the landscape of communications, shifting from traditional telephony style communications models to OTT (Over-The-Top) cloud assisted & PaaS (Platform as a Service) communication services. The P2P shift will impact many areas of our lives, from mobile communication, human interactive web services, RTC and telephony infrastructure, user federation, security and privacy implications, business costs, and scalability. In his session at Internet of @ThingsExpo, Erik Lagerway, Co-founder of Hookflash, will walk through the shifting landscape of traditional telephone and voice services to the modern P2P RTC era of OTT cloud assisted services.
While great strides have been made relative to the video aspects of remote collaboration, audio technology has basically stagnated. Typically all audio is mixed to a single monaural stream and emanates from a single point, such as a speakerphone or a speaker associated with a video monitor. This leads to confusion and lack of understanding among participants especially regarding who is actually speaking. Spatial teleconferencing introduces the concept of acoustic spatial separation between conference participants in three dimensional space. This has been shown to significantly improve comprehension and conference efficiency.
The Internet of Things is tied together with a thin strand that is known as time. Coincidentally, at the core of nearly all data analytics is a timestamp. When working with time series data there are a few core principles that everyone should consider, especially across datasets where time is the common boundary. In his session at Internet of @ThingsExpo, Jim Scott, Director of Enterprise Strategy & Architecture at MapR Technologies, will discuss single-value, geo-spatial, and log time series data. By focusing on enterprise applications and the data center, he will use OpenTSDB as an example to explain some of these concepts including when to use different storage models.
SYS-CON Events announced today that Gridstore™, the leader in software-defined storage (SDS) purpose-built for Windows Servers and Hyper-V, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 15th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on November 4–6, 2014, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Gridstore™ is the leader in software-defined storage purpose built for virtualization that is designed to accelerate applications in virtualized environments. Using its patented Server-Side Virtual Controller™ Technology (SVCT) to eliminate the I/O blender effect and accelerate applications Gridstore delivers vmOptimized™ Storage that self-optimizes to each application or VM across both virtual and physical environments. Leveraging a grid architecture, Gridstore delivers the first end-to-end storage QoS to ensure the most important App or VM performance is never compromised. The storage grid, that uses Gridstore’s performance optimized nodes or capacity optimized nodes, starts with as few a...
The Transparent Cloud-computing Consortium (abbreviation: T-Cloud Consortium) will conduct research activities into changes in the computing model as a result of collaboration between "device" and "cloud" and the creation of new value and markets through organic data processing High speed and high quality networks, and dramatic improvements in computer processing capabilities, have greatly changed the nature of applications and made the storing and processing of data on the network commonplace. These technological reforms have not only changed computers and smartphones, but are also changing the data processing model for all information devices. In particular, in the area known as M2M (Machine-To-Machine), there are great expectations that information with a new type of value can be produced using a variety of devices and sensors saving/sharing data via the network and through large-scale cloud-type data processing. This consortium believes that attaching a huge number of devic...
Innodisk is a service-driven provider of industrial embedded flash and DRAM storage products and technologies, with a focus on the enterprise, industrial, aerospace, and defense industries. Innodisk is dedicated to serving their customers and business partners. Quality is vitally important when it comes to industrial embedded flash and DRAM storage products. That’s why Innodisk manufactures all of their products in their own purpose-built memory production facility. In fact, they designed and built their production center to maximize manufacturing efficiency and guarantee the highest quality of our products.
All major researchers estimate there will be tens of billions devices - computers, smartphones, tablets, and sensors - connected to the Internet by 2020. This number will continue to grow at a rapid pace for the next several decades. Over the summer Gartner released its much anticipated annual Hype Cycle report and the big news is that Internet of Things has now replaced Big Data as the most hyped technology. Indeed, we're hearing more and more about this fascinating new technological paradigm. Every other IT news item seems to be about IoT and its implications on the future of digital business.
Can call centers hang up the phones for good? Intuitive Solutions did. WebRTC enabled this contact center provider to eliminate antiquated telephony and desktop phone infrastructure with a pure web-based solution, allowing them to expand beyond brick-and-mortar confines to a home-based agent model. Download Slide Deck: ▸ Here
BSQUARE is a global leader of embedded software solutions. We enable smart connected systems at the device level and beyond that millions use every day and provide actionable data solutions for the growing Internet of Things (IoT) market. We empower our world-class customers with our products, services and solutions to achieve innovation and success. For more information, visit www.bsquare.com.
With the iCloud scandal seemingly in its past, Apple announced new iPhones, updates to iPad and MacBook as well as news on OSX Yosemite. Although consumers will have to wait to get their hands on some of that new stuff, what they can get is the latest release of iOS 8 that Apple made available for most in-market iPhones and iPads. Originally announced at WWDC (Apple’s annual developers conference) in June, iOS 8 seems to spearhead Apple’s newfound focus upon greater integration of their products into everyday tasks, cross-platform mobility and self-monitoring. Before you update your device, here is a look at some of the new features and things you may want to consider from a mobile security perspective.