Click here to close now.

Welcome!

.NET Authors: Pat Romanski, Elizabeth White, Andreas Grabner, Trevor Parsons, Tad Anderson

Blog Feed Post

How to Harden Your APIs by Andy Thurai

The market for APIs has experienced explosive growth in recent years, yet one of the major issues that providers still face is the protection and hardening of the APIs that they expose to users. In particular, when you are exposing APIs from a cloud based platform, this becomes very difficult to achieve given the various cloud provider constraints. In order to achieve this you would need a solution that can provide the hardening capabilities out of the box, but that still permits for customization of the granular settings to meet the solution need. Intel has such a solution and it has been well thought out. If this is something you desire this article might help you foresee the many uses and versatility.

Identify sensitive data and sensitivity of your API

The first step in protecting sensitive data is identifying it as such. This could be anything like PII, PHI and PCI data. Perform a complete analysis of your inbound and outbound data to your API, including all parameters, to figure this out.

Once identified, make sure only authorized people can access the data.

This will require solid identity, authentication, and authorization systems to be in place. These all can be provided by the same system. Your API should be able to identify multiple types of identities. In order to achieve an effective identity strategy, your system will need to accept identities of the older formats such as X.509, SAML, WS-Security as well as the newer breed of OAuth, Open ID, etc. In addition your identity systems must  mediate the identities, as an Identity Broker, so it can securely and efficiently relate these credentials to your API to consume.

You will need to have identity-based governance policies in place. These policies need to be enforced globally not just locally. Effectively this means you need to have predictable results that are reproducible regardless of where you deploy your policies. Once the user is identified and authenticated, then you can use that result to authorize the user based on not only that credential, but also based on the location where the invocation came from, time of the day, day of the week, etc. Furthermore, for highly sensitive systems the data or user can be classified as well. Top secret data can be accessed only by top classified credentials, etc. In order to build very effective policies and govern them at run time, you need to integrate with a mature policy decision engine. It can be either standard based, such as XACML, or integrated with an existing legacy system provider

Protect Data

Protect your data as if your business depends on it, as it often does, or should. Make sure that the sensitive data, whether in transit or at rest (storage), is not in an unprotected original format. While there are multiple ways the data can be protected, the most common ones are encryption or tokenization. In the case of encryption, the data will be encrypted, so only authorized systems can decrypt the data back to its original form. This will allow the data to circulate encrypted and decrypt as necessary along the way by secured steps. While this is a good solution for many companies you need be careful about the encryption standard you choose, your key management and key rotation policies. The other standard “tokenization” is based on the fact you can’t steal what is not there. You can basically tokenize anything from PCI, PII or PHI information. The original data is stored in a secure vault and a token (or pointer, representing the data) will be sent in transit down stream. The advantage is that if any unauthorized party gets hold of the token, they wouldn’t know where to go to get the original data, let alone have access to the original data. Even if they do know where the token data is located, they are not white listed, so the original data is not available to them. The greatest advantage with tokenization systems is that it reduces the exposure scope throughout your enterprise, as you have eliminated vulnerabilities throughout the system by eliminating the sensitive and critical data from the stream thereby centralizing your focus and security upon the stationary token vault rather than active, dynamic and pliable data streams.. While you’re at it, you might want to consider a mechanism, such as DLP, which is highly effective in monitoring for sensitive data leakage. This process can automatically tokenize or encrypt the sensitive data that is going out. You might also want to consider policy based information traffic control. While certain groups of people may be allowed to communicate certain information (such as company financials by an auditor,etc) the groups may not be allowed to send that information. You can also enforce that by a location based invocation (ie. intranet users vs. mobile users who are allowed to get certain information).

QOS

While APIs exposed in the cloud can let you get away with scalability from a expansion or a burst during peak hours, it is still a good architectural design principle to make sure that you limit or rate access to your API. This is especially valuable  if you are offering an open API and exposure to anyone, which is an important and valuable factor. There are 2 sides to this; a business side and a technical side. The technical side will allow your APIs to be consumed in a controlled way and the business side will let you negotiate better SLA contracts based on usage model you have handy. You also need to have a flexible throttling mechanism that can help you implement this more efficiently such as just notify, throttle the excessive traffic, shape the traffic by holding the messages until the next sampling period starts, etc. In addition, there should be a mechanism to monitor and manage traffic both for long term and for short term which can be based on 2 different policies.

Protect your API

The attacks or misuse of  your publicly exposed API can be intentional or accidental. Either way you can’t afford for anyone to bring your API down. You need to have application aware firewalls that can look into the application level messages and prevent attacks. Generally the application attacks tend to fall under Injection attacks (SQL Injection, Xpath injection, etc), Script attacks, or attack on the Infrastructure itself.

Message Security

You also need to provide both transport level and message level security features. While transport security features such as SSL, TSL provide some data privacy you need to have an option to encrypt/ sign message traffic, so it will reach the end systems safely and securely and can authenticate the end user who sent the message.

Imagine if you can provide all of the above in one package. Just take it out of the packaging, power it up, and with a few configuration steps provide most of what we have discussed above?  More importantly in a matter of hours you’ve hardened your API to your enterprise level (or in some cases better than that). Intel has such a solution to offer.

Check out our Intel API gateway solution which offers all of those hardening features, in one package and a whole lot more. Feel free to reach out to me if you have any questions or need additional info.

http://cloudsecurity.intel.com/solutions/cloud-service-brokerage-api-resource-center

 

 

Andy Thurai — Chief Architect & CTO, Application Security and Identity Products, Intel

Andy Thurai is Chief Architect and CTO of Application Security and Identity Products with Intel, where he is responsible for architecting SOA, Cloud, Governance, Security, and Identity solutions for their major corporate customers. In his role, he is responsible for helping Intel/McAfee field sales, technical teams and customer executives. Prior to this role, he has held technology architecture leadership and executive positions with L-1 Identity Solutions, IBM (Datapower), BMC, CSC, and Nortel. His interests and expertise include Cloud, SOA, identity management, security, governance, and SaaS. He holds a degree in Electrical and Electronics engineering and has over 20+ years of IT experience.

He blogs regularly at www.thurai.net/securityblog on Security, SOA, Identity, Governance and Cloud topics. You can find him on LinkedIn

Read the original blog entry...

More Stories By Application Security

This blog references our expert posts on application and web services security.

@ThingsExpo Stories
One of the biggest impacts of the Internet of Things is and will continue to be on data; specifically data volume, management and usage. Companies are scrambling to adapt to this new and unpredictable data reality with legacy infrastructure that cannot handle the speed and volume of data. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Don DeLoach, CEO and president of Infobright, will discuss how companies need to rethink their data infrastructure to participate in the IoT, including: Data storage: Understanding the kinds of data: structured, unstructured, big/small? Analytics: What kinds and how responsiv...
Since 2008 and for the first time in history, more than half of humans live in urban areas, urging cities to become “smart.” Today, cities can leverage the wide availability of smartphones combined with new technologies such as Beacons or NFC to connect their urban furniture and environment to create citizen-first services that improve transportation, way-finding and information delivery. In her session at @ThingsExpo, Laetitia Gazel-Anthoine, CEO of Connecthings, will focus on successful use cases.
The Workspace-as-a-Service (WaaS) market will grow to $6.4B by 2018. In his session at 16th Cloud Expo, Seth Bostock, CEO of IndependenceIT, will begin by walking the audience through the evolution of Workspace as-a-Service, where it is now vs. where it going. To look beyond the desktop we must understand exactly what WaaS is, who the users are, and where it is going in the future. IT departments, ISVs and service providers must look to workflow and automation capabilities to adapt to growing demand and the rapidly changing workspace model.
Sensor-enabled things are becoming more commonplace, precursors to a larger and more complex framework that most consider the ultimate promise of the IoT: things connecting, interacting, sharing, storing, and over time perhaps learning and predicting based on habits, behaviors, location, preferences, purchases and more. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Tom Wesselman, Director of Communications Ecosystem Architecture at Plantronics, will examine the still nascent IoT as it is coalescing, including what it is today, what it might ultimately be, the role of wearable tech, and technology gaps stil...
Almost everyone sees the potential of Internet of Things but how can businesses truly unlock that potential. The key will be in the ability to discover business insight in the midst of an ocean of Big Data generated from billions of embedded devices via Systems of Discover. Businesses will also need to ensure that they can sustain that insight by leveraging the cloud for global reach, scale and elasticity.
The Internet of Things (IoT) promises to evolve the way the world does business; however, understanding how to apply it to your company can be a mystery. Most people struggle with understanding the potential business uses or tend to get caught up in the technology, resulting in solutions that fail to meet even minimum business goals. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Jesse Shiah, CEO / President / Co-Founder of AgilePoint Inc., showed what is needed to leverage the IoT to transform your business. He discussed opportunities and challenges ahead for the IoT from a market and technical point of vie...
IoT is still a vague buzzword for many people. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Mike Kavis, Vice President & Principal Cloud Architect at Cloud Technology Partners, discussed the business value of IoT that goes far beyond the general public's perception that IoT is all about wearables and home consumer services. He also discussed how IoT is perceived by investors and how venture capitalist access this space. Other topics discussed were barriers to success, what is new, what is old, and what the future may hold. Mike Kavis is Vice President & Principal Cloud Architect at Cloud Technology Pa...
Hadoop as a Service (as offered by handful of niche vendors now) is a cloud computing solution that makes medium and large-scale data processing accessible, easy, fast and inexpensive. In his session at Big Data Expo, Kumar Ramamurthy, Vice President and Chief Technologist, EIM & Big Data, at Virtusa, will discuss how this is achieved by eliminating the operational challenges of running Hadoop, so one can focus on business growth. The fragmented Hadoop distribution world and various PaaS solutions that provide a Hadoop flavor either make choices for customers very flexible in the name of opti...
The true value of the Internet of Things (IoT) lies not just in the data, but through the services that protect the data, perform the analysis and present findings in a usable way. With many IoT elements rooted in traditional IT components, Big Data and IoT isn’t just a play for enterprise. In fact, the IoT presents SMBs with the prospect of launching entirely new activities and exploring innovative areas. CompTIA research identifies several areas where IoT is expected to have the greatest impact.
Advanced Persistent Threats (APTs) are increasing at an unprecedented rate. The threat landscape of today is drastically different than just a few years ago. Attacks are much more organized and sophisticated. They are harder to detect and even harder to anticipate. In the foreseeable future it's going to get a whole lot harder. Everything you know today will change. Keeping up with this changing landscape is already a daunting task. Your organization needs to use the latest tools, methods and expertise to guard against those threats. But will that be enough? In the foreseeable future attacks w...
Disruptive macro trends in technology are impacting and dramatically changing the "art of the possible" relative to supply chain management practices through the innovative use of IoT, cloud, machine learning and Big Data to enable connected ecosystems of engagement. Enterprise informatics can now move beyond point solutions that merely monitor the past and implement integrated enterprise fabrics that enable end-to-end supply chain visibility to improve customer service delivery and optimize supplier management. Learn about enterprise architecture strategies for designing connected systems tha...
Dale Kim is the Director of Industry Solutions at MapR. His background includes a variety of technical and management roles at information technology companies. While his experience includes work with relational databases, much of his career pertains to non-relational data in the areas of search, content management, and NoSQL, and includes senior roles in technical marketing, sales engineering, and support engineering. Dale holds an MBA from Santa Clara University, and a BA in Computer Science from the University of California, Berkeley.
Wearable devices have come of age. The primary applications of wearables so far have been "the Quantified Self" or the tracking of one's fitness and health status. We propose the evolution of wearables into social and emotional communication devices. Our BE(tm) sensor uses light to visualize the skin conductance response. Our sensors are very inexpensive and can be massively distributed to audiences or groups of any size, in order to gauge reactions to performances, video, or any kind of presentation. In her session at @ThingsExpo, Jocelyn Scheirer, CEO & Founder of Bionolux, will discuss ho...
The cloud is now a fact of life but generating recurring revenues that are driven by solutions and services on a consumption model have been hard to implement, until now. In their session at 16th Cloud Expo, Ermanno Bonifazi, CEO & Founder of Solgenia, and Ian Khan, Global Strategic Positioning & Brand Manager at Solgenia, will discuss how a top European telco has leveraged the innovative recurring revenue generating capability of the consumption cloud to enable a unique cloud monetization model to drive results.
As organizations shift toward IT-as-a-service models, the need for managing and protecting data residing across physical, virtual, and now cloud environments grows with it. CommVault can ensure protection &E-Discovery of your data – whether in a private cloud, a Service Provider delivered public cloud, or a hybrid cloud environment – across the heterogeneous enterprise. In his session at 16th Cloud Expo, Randy De Meno, Chief Technologist - Windows Products and Microsoft Partnerships, will discuss how to cut costs, scale easily, and unleash insight with CommVault Simpana software, the only si...
Analytics is the foundation of smart data and now, with the ability to run Hadoop directly on smart storage systems like Cloudian HyperStore, enterprises will gain huge business advantages in terms of scalability, efficiency and cost savings as they move closer to realizing the potential of the Internet of Things. In his session at 16th Cloud Expo, Paul Turner, technology evangelist and CMO at Cloudian, Inc., will discuss the revolutionary notion that the storage world is transitioning from mere Big Data to smart data. He will argue that today’s hybrid cloud storage solutions, with commodity...
Every innovation or invention was originally a daydream. You like to imagine a “what-if” scenario. And with all the attention being paid to the so-called Internet of Things (IoT) you don’t have to stretch the imagination too much to see how this may impact commercial and homeowners insurance. We’re beyond the point of accepting this as a leap of faith. The groundwork is laid. Now it’s just a matter of time. We can thank the inventors of smart thermostats for developing a practical business application that everyone can relate to. Gone are the salad days of smart home apps, the early chalkb...
Cloud data governance was previously an avoided function when cloud deployments were relatively small. With the rapid adoption in public cloud – both rogue and sanctioned, it’s not uncommon to find regulated data dumped into public cloud and unprotected. This is why enterprises and cloud providers alike need to embrace a cloud data governance function and map policies, processes and technology controls accordingly. In her session at 15th Cloud Expo, Evelyn de Souza, Data Privacy and Compliance Strategy Leader at Cisco Systems, will focus on how to set up a cloud data governance program and s...
Roberto Medrano, Executive Vice President at SOA Software, had reached 30,000 page views on his home page - http://RobertoMedrano.SYS-CON.com/ - on the SYS-CON family of online magazines, which includes Cloud Computing Journal, Internet of Things Journal, Big Data Journal, and SOA World Magazine. He is a recognized executive in the information technology fields of SOA, internet security, governance, and compliance. He has extensive experience with both start-ups and large companies, having been involved at the beginning of four IT industries: EDA, Open Systems, Computer Security and now SOA.
The industrial software market has treated data with the mentality of “collect everything now, worry about how to use it later.” We now find ourselves buried in data, with the pervasive connectivity of the (Industrial) Internet of Things only piling on more numbers. There’s too much data and not enough information. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Bob Gates, Global Marketing Director, GE’s Intelligent Platforms business, to discuss how realizing the power of IoT, software developers are now focused on understanding how industrial data can create intelligence for industrial operations. Imagine ...