Welcome!

Microsoft Cloud Authors: Nick Basinger, Kevin Benedict, Pat Romanski, Liz McMillan, Lori MacVittie

Related Topics: Microsoft Cloud, Silverlight

Microsoft Cloud: Article

How to Start Unit Testing .NET Projects

A Unit Testing Guide

This article was written by Gil Zilberfeld, Product Manager, Typemock.

The first tool you need is a testing framework. You have a couple of choices there. If you are using Microsoft Visual Studio 2008 Professional or above, you already have the Microsoft unit testing framework installed. The framework comes also with Microsoft Visual Studio 2005 Team System.

You may also decide to go with one of the open source frameworks: NUnitMbUnit (now part of theGallio project) or xUnit. There are minor differences between the different frameworks, but the main features are the same. However, the Microsoft one also comes with a built in test runner. It allows you to run tests inside Visual studio.  To achieve the same ease-of-use with the open source frameworks you will need TestDriven.Net by Jamie Cansdale.

For using the attributes and API of the different frameworks, you just need to add references to them in your test project. The Microsoft test framework has a special Test Project, the other framework uses a regular DLL container for the tests.

Mocking Framework:
The next thing you need is a mocking framework, like Isolator. Follow the steps in our quick start guide how to write the first test. You'll need to add references to Isolator DLLs.

Now for your first test: In order to make it easy, let's start by testing a component you're already working on. It's very important to integrate test writing into your regular work, and that's the first step.

In your test project, create a test class, called after your class-under-test. For example if you class is called MyClass, call the test class MyClassTests.

Writing the first unit test:
Now it's time to write a test. Decide what public method you want to test, what is the specific scenario and the expected result for that scenario. Use that information to name your test. Use the following convention:

public void METHODNAME_SCENARIO_RESULT()

Now add the content of the test. A test contains three parts:

  • Arrange - setup for the test
  • Act - the actual invocation of the method
  • Assert - verification of pass/fail condition for the test

Make sure you use Assert functions to specify pass/failure functionality. You can also use Isolate.Verify for method calls as well, otherwise, the test will appear to have passed.

Run the test. If the test fails, add additional behavior setting statements with Isolator in the Arrange part, to make sure the test follows the specific scenario you're testing.

Did the test finally pass? Congratulations! You now can move to the next one.

Remember, the more tests you have, the better coverage you have, and your code becomes more stable.

•   •   •


More Stories By Josh Litvin

Yaniv Yehuda is the Co-Founder and CTO of DBmaestro, an Enterprise Software Development Company focusing on database development and deployment technologies. Yaniv is also the Co-Founder and the head of development for Extreme Technology, an IT service provider for the Israeli market. Yaniv was a captain in Mamram, the Israel Defense Forces computer centers where he served as a software engineering manager.

IoT & Smart Cities Stories
Dynatrace is an application performance management software company with products for the information technology departments and digital business owners of medium and large businesses. Building the Future of Monitoring with Artificial Intelligence. Today we can collect lots and lots of performance data. We build beautiful dashboards and even have fancy query languages to access and transform the data. Still performance data is a secret language only a couple of people understand. The more busine...
Nicolas Fierro is CEO of MIMIR Blockchain Solutions. He is a programmer, technologist, and operations dev who has worked with Ethereum and blockchain since 2014. His knowledge in blockchain dates to when he performed dev ops services to the Ethereum Foundation as one the privileged few developers to work with the original core team in Switzerland.
René Bostic is the Technical VP of the IBM Cloud Unit in North America. Enjoying her career with IBM during the modern millennial technological era, she is an expert in cloud computing, DevOps and emerging cloud technologies such as Blockchain. Her strengths and core competencies include a proven record of accomplishments in consensus building at all levels to assess, plan, and implement enterprise and cloud computing solutions. René is a member of the Society of Women Engineers (SWE) and a m...
Andrew Keys is Co-Founder of ConsenSys Enterprise. He comes to ConsenSys Enterprise with capital markets, technology and entrepreneurial experience. Previously, he worked for UBS investment bank in equities analysis. Later, he was responsible for the creation and distribution of life settlement products to hedge funds and investment banks. After, he co-founded a revenue cycle management company where he learned about Bitcoin and eventually Ethereal. Andrew's role at ConsenSys Enterprise is a mul...
Whenever a new technology hits the high points of hype, everyone starts talking about it like it will solve all their business problems. Blockchain is one of those technologies. According to Gartner's latest report on the hype cycle of emerging technologies, blockchain has just passed the peak of their hype cycle curve. If you read the news articles about it, one would think it has taken over the technology world. No disruptive technology is without its challenges and potential impediments t...
If a machine can invent, does this mean the end of the patent system as we know it? The patent system, both in the US and Europe, allows companies to protect their inventions and helps foster innovation. However, Artificial Intelligence (AI) could be set to disrupt the patent system as we know it. This talk will examine how AI may change the patent landscape in the years to come. Furthermore, ways in which companies can best protect their AI related inventions will be examined from both a US and...
In his general session at 19th Cloud Expo, Manish Dixit, VP of Product and Engineering at Dice, discussed how Dice leverages data insights and tools to help both tech professionals and recruiters better understand how skills relate to each other and which skills are in high demand using interactive visualizations and salary indicator tools to maximize earning potential. Manish Dixit is VP of Product and Engineering at Dice. As the leader of the Product, Engineering and Data Sciences team at D...
Bill Schmarzo, Tech Chair of "Big Data | Analytics" of upcoming CloudEXPO | DXWorldEXPO New York (November 12-13, 2018, New York City) today announced the outline and schedule of the track. "The track has been designed in experience/degree order," said Schmarzo. "So, that folks who attend the entire track can leave the conference with some of the skills necessary to get their work done when they get back to their offices. It actually ties back to some work that I'm doing at the University of San...
When talking IoT we often focus on the devices, the sensors, the hardware itself. The new smart appliances, the new smart or self-driving cars (which are amalgamations of many ‘things'). When we are looking at the world of IoT, we should take a step back, look at the big picture. What value are these devices providing. IoT is not about the devices, its about the data consumed and generated. The devices are tools, mechanisms, conduits. This paper discusses the considerations when dealing with the...
Bill Schmarzo, author of "Big Data: Understanding How Data Powers Big Business" and "Big Data MBA: Driving Business Strategies with Data Science," is responsible for setting the strategy and defining the Big Data service offerings and capabilities for EMC Global Services Big Data Practice. As the CTO for the Big Data Practice, he is responsible for working with organizations to help them identify where and how to start their big data journeys. He's written several white papers, is an avid blogge...